Assyrian empire builders - Babylon and the cities and tribes of Southern Mesopotamia
The Neo-Assyrian empire that reestablished stability in Southwest Asia and North Africa . Judah rebelled against Assyria's successor, Babylon, and much of its. The Sumerians and Mesopotamia. (Opens a Ancient Babylon: excavations, restorations and modern tourism. (Opens a Quiz: Ancient Near Eastern art. In Babylon as well as in Assyria as a direct offshoot of Babylonian culture, astrology takes its . and; Association of ideas—involving sometimes merely a play upon words—in connection with the phenomenon or phenomena observed. Thus.
The Zagros Mountains are where the ancient Mesopotamians believed their gods lived. Here is a replica of one of the Steles discovered with the Code of Hammurabi, it is meant to resemble an index finger. The fingernail shows Hammurabi standing, receiving the laws from the seated sun-god, Shamash. In this way the laws could not be changed and were posted for all to see, though few people could read.
You can read some of the laws from the Code of Hammurabi, which I found listed online; what do you think about these laws? If someone cuts down a tree on someone else's land, he will pay for it. If someone is careless when watering his fields, and he floods someone else's by accident, he will pay for the grain he has ruined. If a man wants to throw his son out of the house, he has to go before a judge and say, "I don't want my son to live in my house any more.
If the reasons are not good, the man can't throw his son out. If the son has done some great evil to his father, his father must forgive him the first time. But if he has done something evil twice, his father can throw him out. If a thief steals a cow, a sheep, a donkey, a pig, or a goat, he will pay ten times what it is worth. If he doesn't have any money to pay with, he will be put to death.
An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. If a man puts out the eye of another man, put his own eye out. If he knocks out another man's tooth, knock out his own tooth. If he breaks another man's bone, break his own bone. If a doctor operates on a patient and the patient dies, the doctor's hand will be cut off. Since then, human civilizations began.
The crystal in the last slide of the Origin PPT is: The oldest star chart appeared in BC in: The birthplace of the first civilizations on earth is: In what present-day country is Mesopotamia located? Which is NOT a Mesopotamian civilization? Sumerians call their homeland Sumer. What does Sumer mean? The Earliest civilization in Iran is: When did Sumerians settle in the southern Mesopotamia, a place called Sumer?
Which two metals make up the alloy bronze? What people made the first ironware in Mesopotamia? Name the agricultural products of Mesopotamia.
Ancient Mesopotamia - Babylon and Assyria
The wedge-shaped system of writing developed in Mesopotamia is: Where was beer first brewed on earth? What is NOT invented by the Mesopotamian people? Who is NOT a major Mesopotamian god? What best describes the Mesopotamian religions? Who has built an oval temple? Mesopotamia, Egypt and Canaan II. At what age did Sumerian children start school?
Which of the following is true? Does our concept of democracy originate in Sumer or later in one of these countries? Who was the king of the first dynasty of Kish in BC? He is also the earliest ruler on the king list whose name has been attested from archeology.
The king list mentioned that he conquered Elam and reigned years. In the king list, the kingship was transferred to Uruk after the first dynasty of Kish. Who is the only female king in the Sumerian king list? In the Early Dynastic Period, Sumerian city-states often battle against each other.
This code protected the interests of civilians against nobles. He claimed that his empire extended from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean. His empire was lost to Sargon of Akkad. Ur-Nammu might be his brother or son-in-law and might have become his enemy before his sudden death in BC, either due to an accident or a conspiracy.
He conquered the powerful state Lagash later in BC. Name the King in chronological order: Sargon of Akkad, Utu-hengal, and Lugal-Zagesi. Sargon the Great, Third Dynasty of Ur p.
Sargon the Great, Third Dynasty of Ur What event took place in BC in the history of Mesopotamia? He defeated and captured Lugal-Zagesi. Which empire did he create?Myths of Babylonia and Assyria, 1 (Legends from Babylon, Sumeria, etc.) Audiobook
What is the first empire in human history? Sargon was the creator of this Mesopotamian Empire. Who was Sargon the Great? She placed me in a reed basket; with bitumen she caulked my hatch. She abandoned me to the river from which I could not escape. The river carried me along: Aqqi, the water drawer, when immersing his bucket lifted me up. The grandson of Sargon the Great expanded his empire. Who wrote the oldest known literary work?
The first famous woman in the world history is Enheduanna. The kings of Lagash often call themselves by the title of ensi. Seldom do they call themselves lugal, the title used by the rulers of Umma. Who was the first Mesopotamian king claiming to be God? He is the fourth ruler of the Akkadian Empire, known by his horn on his crown. Who destroyed the third dynasty of Ur around BC? He declared independence from the city of Kazallu near the Euphrates and established a capital at nearby Babylon.
Who founded the first empire of ancient Babylonia? Who founded the first Babylonian dynastry in BC? It is the first complete code of laws ever found. On what concept is the Code based? What is regarded the oldest code of laws? The Hammurabi code allows the defendants to cast himself into the river to let God decide his fate.
What is this river? According to the Hammurabi Code, what punishment is inflicted on the temple thieves? The most famous Hammurabi code is based on the philosophy of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.
However, it is only true for noblemen versus noblemen. If a nobleman knocked out the eye of a servant, what penalty would the nobleman receive? Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty of Ur established a code of laws named?
What law code is regarded the first in human history to protect the rights and interests of citizens against aristocrats? In the Code of Ur-Nammu, if a man knocks out the eye of another man, he shall pay a half mina of silver as a punishment for the crime.
Iron Age Empires p. Iron Age Empires They came from the Zagros Mountains in modern-day Iran. After Hammurabi, the Kassites ruled Babylonia. What did they share with the Europeans? Where did his successor Mursilise invade for 15 min in AD? The Kingdom located between the Hittite Empire and Babylonia is: A century later, Hattie was assimilated by Hittite. Hammurabi's Amorite dynasty disintegrated quickly after his death.
This dynasty lasted years until BC. During this period, the city Babylon was called Karanduniash. Babylon became the vassal of the Assyrian empire in the north - BC and Elam in the east. The Assyrians ruled Babylon after Kassites.
He was soon killed by his son, who rebuilt Babylon and restored its glory. Who made Nineveh capital of the Assyrian Empire? Assyria reached a peak during his reign. He is the son of Sargon II. Babylon was defeated but did not suffer.
Babylon and the cities and tribes of Southern Mesopotamia
He could read the cuneiform script in Akkadian and Sumerian and even the texts from before the Great Flood. He was also able to solve mathematical problems. He collected literature in clay tablets, known as the Library of Ashurbanipal, which included the famous "epic of Gilgamesh" and many academic and ritual works.
Assyrian sculpture reached its zenith under his rule. The Assyrians were destined to downfall, because even though they overpowered the people they conquered, they did not have their respect.
Quiz: Ancient Mesopotamia - Babylonian Empire
What Mesopotamian people conquered the Assyrians in the s BC? It was destroyed by the Persians in BC. Neo-Babylonia was destroyed in BC by: What were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon? Who built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon? A few years later the Assyrian state was completely erased from history. What modern-day country did the Medo-Persian Empire rose from? A collection of 32 tablets with inscribed liver models, dating from about BC, are the oldest known detailed texts of Babylonian divination, and these demonstrate the same interpretational format as that employed in celestial omen analysis.
The gods were also believed to present themselves in the celestial images of the planets or stars with whom they were associated. Evil celestial omens attached to any particular planet were therefore seen as indications of dissatisfaction or disturbance of the god that planet represented. An astronomical report to the king Esarhaddon concerning the lunar eclipse of 18 January BC  shows how the ritualistic use of substitute kings, or substitute events, combined an unquestioning belief in magic and omens with a purely mechanical view that the astrological event must have some kind of correlate within the natural world: When the Moon has made the eclipse, the king, my lord, should write to me.
As a substitute for the king, I will cut through a dike, here in Babylonia, in the middle of the night. No one will know about it.