ESL/EFL speaking lessons - Talking about cause and effect in English
understanding cause and effect is reflected in the Text; see RI) require students to describe the relationship zolyblog.info A comprehensive site for free English courses and exercises. Showing Cause / Effect in Written English In many grammar books, you will find information about sentence connectors Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences.
It had begun to rain. Sally and Jake had to run inside.
It was so chilly outside. Benjamin built up a big fire in his fireplace. Elphaba was getting very angry and frustrated because none of her good deeds were being recognized as good. Elphaba was getting very angry and frustrated. None of her good deeds were being recognized as good.
Dorothy and Toto ended up in the wonderful world of Oz. We went to the grocery store because we needed sour cream, eggs, and milk.
Writing skills: Cause and effect | Onestopenglish
We needed sour cream, eggs, and milk. We went to the grocery store. However, you will notice that they only went to the store because they needed something. Jeremy was sick because Sally went to school the next day with a cold.
Sally went to school the next day with a cold. Jeremy was sick today?
Examples of Cause and Effect: Writer Better Setences and Essays
Unless Jeremy is a time traveler, there is little chance that he is sick from something that will happen to him in the future. It is in your best interest to avoid sentences like the one above as they will make your argument invalid. If you need more help on writing, try learning plain writing.
Cause and Effect Essays There are three kinds of cause and effect essays that can be written, but they are all very similar in written structure.
Are these events likely to happen in real life? Ask the class to brainstorm a few more hypothetical situations and add them to the list on the board.
Aim to have a list of at least 10 situation prompts. Create groups of students, and ask student volunteers to pass out stacks of 10 blank cards to each group. Ask groups to copy 10 prompts onto their cards, and then to put the cards in a facedown pile.
Tell groups they will create chain stories using the hypothetical prompts. Model how to develop a chain story, writing the information below on the board as you go along: If I never needed to sleep,….
If I never needed to sleep, I would learn 10 languages. If I learned 10 languages, I would travel the world. Repeat the process to create 4 or 5 story links, eliciting some of the result clauses from the class.
4. Prepositions of Manner/Prepositions of Cause and Effect
Your completed chain story might look like this: If I never had to sleep, I would learn 10 languages. If I traveled the world, I would eat lots of interesting food. If I ate lots of interesting food, I would study cooking. If I studied cooking, I would return to my country and be a famous chef. Tell students that the person with the next birthday in each group will pick the first prompt. This person should pick a prompt card from the stack, read it out loud, and then verbally complete the conditional sentence following the model.
The person to his or her right must complete the next link in the chain story by taking the previous result clause and turning it into a condition clause.
Person 2 — If I bought a spaceship, I would take my friends to Mars. Each person in the group must make a link in the chain story until everyone has contributed.
Remind students that the stories can be serious or funny, but they should be classroom appropriate.
Tell students how long the activity will last, set the timer, and direct groups to begin. To focus on grammatical accuracy, there are several ways to provide feedback during this activity. Alternatively, you can monitor groups as they create their spoken chain stories, and collect examples of student errors for a delayed feedback and error correction session at the end of the activity.