Gaffer Gamgee, Sam's father, had worked as a gardener for Mr. Bilbo Baggins, Frodo's cousin (actually, Bilbo is the same generation as Frodo's. So Mr. Frodo is his first and second cousin, once removed either way, as the saying is, if you follow me.’. Bilbo's mother and Frodo's grandmother were sisters, so Frodo’s mother and Bilbo were first cousins, making Frodo his first cousin once removed. Frodo’s father and. Bilbo adopted his "nephew" Frodo Baggins, who inherited the smial of in parentheses represent significant hobbits related to the Baggins.
A fragment of the Ringwraith's blade remained in Frodo's flesh, where it continued to move towards his heart. Near death or worseFrodo was rescued by Glorfindelan Elf-lord, who put the injured Hobbit upon his horse, named Asfaloth. Once they had crossed the River BruinenFrodo turned and saw the Nine Ringwraiths on the other side. They ordered him to give up the Ring, but Frodo refused.
The Hobbits reuniting in Rivendell Subsequently, the Ringwraiths were washed away in a flood called up by Elrondthe leader of Rivendell.
He was healed in Rivendell by Elrond, although both of them knew that the wound would never fully heal, as it was as spiritual as it was physical. Although Elrond had healed his wound, it continued to bother him for as long as he lived in Middle-earth. Representatives of all the Free Peoples of Middle-earth discussed the history of the Rings of Power and decided that the One Ring must be destroyed. As the ring was shown and tempers flared, argument broke out as to who should carry the Ring on this missionuntil Frodo bravely volunteered to take the Ring to Mordor and cast it into the fires of Mount Doom.
A member of each of the Free Peoples offered to join Frodo in his quest, thus forming the Fellowship of the Ring. Before leaving RivendellBilbo gave Frodo his dwarf-made coat of mithril mail and his elven blade Sting.
The mithril coat had been given to Bilbo by Thorin after the events of The Hobbitand Sting had been taken by Bilbo from the den of a troll.
On December 25the Fellowship of the Ring departed from Rivendell and headed south. They instead traveled through the underground city of Moria at the urging of Gimli. Moria also named Khazad-dumwas the most ancient and grand of Dwarven cities, but was deserted when the dwarves uncovered a Balrogknown only as Durin's Banebeneath the city, and had been defeated by legions of goblins.
When they entered the Chamber of Mazarbulthe Fellowship was attacked by Orcs and a cave-troll. Frodo helped to defeat the troll before he was stabbed by an orc captain, his mithril shirt saving him from a deadly blow. Once outside Moria, while the Fellowship was grieving, Gimli took Frodo and Sam to look upon the Mirrormereeven in their great hurry. Galadriel showed Frodo a vision of the future in her Mirror.
Frodo offered her the One Ring, but she resisted the temptation to take it, passing the test that was laid before her, and accepting the diminishing of the power of the elves. They were also provided with elven way-breadother supplies, and ships for their voyage down the Anduin River. When the hobbit asked for an hour alone to consider his options, Boromir followed him.
Although to Faramir he presented Sam as his servant and gardener, in private he once named Sam: So, finally he confirmed him to be his friend, moreover, the best of all his friends.
It is because the friendship of utility, which Frodo had for Sam, is less similar to true friendship than the friendship of pleasure, which Sam had for Frodo; therefore it had to undergo a greater transformation to turn into a more valuable type.
Their Relationship after the War of the Ring Now that the Ring was destroyed and the victory appropriately celebrated, the four hobbits returned home to their old lifestyles. Or at least Frodo and Sam tried to pick up the old life, although it would never be the same because of all the things they have experienced. While Sam aligned to his previous life more easily, Frodo was affected by the long influence of his burden. As a result, he again became withdrawn and did not speak about his feelings much, partially because he did not want to worry Sam.
In addition, his own suffering has taught him how insignificant were many of the problems of his former life, or the current issues of his kinsmen. Consequently, he became almost a pacifist, for which Tom Shippey criticizes himp. And after a time being a Deputy Mayor, he completely withdrew from public life.
Yet, at least the relationship between him and Sam retained its recently gained dimension. So Sam now became an equal master of Bag End. Furthermore, in the end Frodo also named him his heir. Sam, who had become a respectable person, was happy because he could still stay near Frodo and attend to him.
He even decided to name his first-born son after his master, as he still called him. However, there appeared an unexpected interference with their relationship. It came out that, apart from friendly love to Frodo, he kept a romantic love for Rose Cotton, a hobbit girl from his neigbourhood, and his childhood friend. This sudden romantic desire was quite surprising because he had never mentioned her until the third chapter of Book Six, when Sam remembered her for the first time.
Presumably, it was the near-death experience as, thirsty and starving, he thought that he would certainly die even if the quest succeeded, that enhanced his love. And when they finally came home and saw what a mess there was, it seemed that he was unable to decide which one was more important for him at that moment, since Rosie was evidently willing to repay his affection. He turned away and mounted his pony.
But as he started off, Rosie ran down the steps. But take care of yourself, and come straight back as soon as you have settled the ruffians! But Frodo knew that what Sam really desired was to live a peaceful life with his family, so he decided it for him. Self-sacrifice is the most virtuous demonstration of friendly love observable only within true friendship, and consequently every such friendship involves it at certain point, if the need arises.
Such is the nature of friendship. And because good men naturally seek only what is virtuous, they do not mind this, for it is the greatest virtue. Moreover, it is a way of gaining nobility.
Therefore it is important to investigate how relevant that self-sacrifice was for their friendship.
He feared going into unknown lands. He would have preferred staying at home, comfortable with his life, but he realized that the Ring presented too big a danger for his homeland and its people. Because of that fear, he first tried to give the Ring to Gandalf, but when the wizard refused it, Frodo began to understand that he had no other choice if he wanted to protect the Shire folk, even though he was not always on friendly terms with some of them.
I feel that as long as the Shire lies behind, safe and comfortable, I shall find wandering more bearable: I shall know that somewhere there is a firm foothold, even if my feet cannot stand there again.
Although this idea was actually uttered first by Bilbo, not Frodo. However, Frodo was, and so he must have felt the responsibility in his heart, unlike Bilbo. So he gave up even this opportunity to stay in the Elven house of healing, and continued his struggle for the good of the Free Peoples of Middle-earth. But in both cases his motives were rather general. Therefore, his sacrifice was not relevant to his relationship to Sam.
All pleasures of his normal life were gradually replaced by pain and suffering, the psychological being worse than the physical. His mind was tormented by the will of the Ring; he constantly had to fight it. He lost his personal integrity. He actually sacrificed all his self in the quest.
And when he returned back to the Shire, he found out that his life would never be the same, because he would never be the same. He was not able to enjoy what he had sacrificed his life for.
The security of his homeland, which was supposed to make his wandering bearable, did not make him confident anymore. The impact of his decision was far greater than he expected. And although he would love to return to his previous life, to remain with friends and see them marry and raise children, it was impossible for him.
So in the end he had to give up even this, and depart from Middle-earth forever. It has been already noted that from the very beginning he had been determined even to die for Frodo in order to spare his master. It started off with an unanswered offering to carry more load instead of Frodo, which just hints at his readiness to surrender his personal comfort for the good of his friend, but it gradually increased in intensity and relevance.
But comparatively, he too sacrificed the pleasures of his life as he set out on the journey with Frodo, exchanging it for whole day tramping, sleeping in the wilderness for weeks without a soft bed or hot bath, hiding, and lacking enough to eat. But since we are never told how big his affection for his homeland was, it is not certain whether leaving it meant any sorrow for him. He only regretted leaving it when he came back and found all the nice places he liked in ruin.
The actual sacrifice resulting from his departure was having to postpone his aborning love for Rose, leaving her there without admitting his feelings to her and without any credible hope that he might ever return and see her again.
But his sacrifices became more demanding after the breaking of the Fellowship. At this moment he gave up the prospect of soon reaching a comfortable, safe place — meaning Minas Tirith — that would end this strenuous plodding, and continued on the journey with Frodo, which became even more grueling and perilous.
And after they entered Mordor, Sam sacrificed his sleep in order to keep watch over his master. He gave up his share of food so that Frodo could have more, and gave him most of the water, too, eating very little and thirsting. Or on a different occasion, he insisted on testing stream water they came upon in Mordor before Frodo could drink it, in case it was poisonous.
But his sacrifice reached its peak in the last phase of their journey towards Mount Doom, when he carried Frodo up the slope of the mountain on his back. In one other instance, his sacrifice also evoked a kind of miracle. He decided to carry the Ring onward and leave his beloved Frodo there.
However, this reward was not without drawbacks. First, achieving the reconciliation was not effortless; Sam actually had to fight his way to save Frodo, although thanks to a strange turn of fortune, most of the enemies in the orc tower had been cleared off before he came there.
And second, the award was only momentary and would soon result in much grief for Sam. Yet the greatest sacrifice he had to undergo came only at the very end of the story. As it has been already noted, like Frodo had to leave what he loved and was fighting for—his country, Sam also had to leave and give up what he loved the most—his dearest friend, whom he had served so faithfully for so many years and for whom he suffered all this.
The departure was not as much of a sacrifice for Frodo, since he was going to the Undying Lands, which was something like a paradise, a place of ease, where his wounds would be healed. For since he had always been so devoted to Frodo, now he lost the purpose of his life. It left an empty space in his heart, as depicted in the scene when he was coming home from the Grey Havens accompanied by Merry and Pippin.
And although he too sailed to the West in his old age ibid. Is It True Friendship? As it has been just evinced, the relationship between Frodo and Sam did, over the course of time, naturally change and evolve.
It got perceptibly deeper, closer, and more intimate; it reached a new dimension. But what did it ultimately turn into?
Aristotle distinguished three main types of friendship, the third being the friendship of virtue, also called the true friendship, which has so far been disregarded because the initial nature of their friendship did not fit it. It has developed into something more. But can it be now labeled as true friendship? Now I will examine it, following the basic characteristics of true friendship that the philosopher provided. Neither Sam nor Frodo were compelled to become friends, nor did anyone command them to like each other.
And it was again their free choice to remain in the friendship, although in certain periods of time it was not very beneficial, especially for Sam. Their friendship also involved having similar personal characteristics, for they were both hobbits and all hobbits are much alike, preferring peaceful life, being often obstinate and unexpectedly courageous.
Baggins Family - Tolkien Gateway
They also had some common interests, for instance, liking adventurous tales about foreign countries and peoples, and enjoying food.
And later they both had a shared the aim to destroy the Ring. But there are some distinguishable characteristics of true friendship that are not so easily identifiable within the relationship of these two hobbits and require a longer comment.
It may be objected that in the beginning their attitudes to each other represented the lower kinds of friendship inspired by usefulness, which contradicts this essential characteristic. For, as he said, a friendship requires familiarity which, in turn, requires some time for the friends to know each other. And as they become better acquainted, their relationship can develop into a higher form of friendship. And this is what happened to Frodo and Sam. And it was only during the quest that it became apparent that he loved Frodo for his own sake.
It was definitely not any longer for pleasure, because the journey gave him none, apart from visiting Elves. He also had no advantage from coming with Frodo—only struggle, pain and the threat of death. Were the reasons for his friendship with Frodo different, he could have more easily stayed home and married Rosie.
But it was his love for Frodo that prevented him from deserting his master. And similarly, if Frodo loved Sam only because of the help he provided for him, he would probably not have tried to deter him from following him, but rather forced him to it. Most of the things Sam did for him Frodo could do on his own as well, so he was not dependent on Sam.
The help and pleasure they provided for each other was then just a natural result of their friendship. It is because once you love someone for his sake, you wish him wellbeing and aim for it. We see that Sam did exactly this. Of course, he cared for Sam. Moreover, it seemed to violate another important characteristic of true friendship, and that is equality. Equality in friendship can be understood in two senses. First, it is meant as equality regarding their social statuses. Aristotle says that true friendship is very unlikely between persons who are not on the same hierarchic level.
Frodo Baggins - Wikipedia
That explains why at the beginning Frodo and Sam perceived their relationship differently, one basing it on utility and the other on pleasure. Being master and servant, they were contraries according to Aristotle, and followed distinct aims by their mutual interaction. But during the journey the social differences between them blurred.
In an unfamiliar environment where no one knew them and where everyone they met could be their possible enemy, living exactly the same lives of tramps and undertaking the same troubles, they became still more and more similar, which reflected also on their social roles.
Frodo stopped considering Sam as only a servant and treated him rather as a good friend. So it is that they were treated equally. There, Boromir, having fallen to the lure of the Ring, tried to take it by force from Frodo. Frodo escaped by putting on the Ring and becoming invisible. This event broke the Fellowship; Boromir was later slain defending Merry and Pippin from invading Orcs, who captured the two hobbits.
Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas gave him a hero's funeral before setting out after the two hobbits. Frodo chose to continue the quest alone, but Sam followed his master, joining him on the journey to Mordor. The Two Towers[ edit ] Frodo and Sam made their way through Emyn Muilfollowed by the creature Gollumwho had been tracking the Fellowship since Moria, seeking to reclaim the Ring he had possessed for centuries.
After Gollum attacked the hobbits, Frodo subdued him with Sting. He then took pity on Gollum, and spared his life just as Bilbo had done in The Hobbitinstead binding him to a promise to guide them through the Dead Marshes to the Black Gatewhich Gollum did.
Gollum said that there was "another way" into Mordor, and Frodo, over Sam's objections, allowed him to lead them south into Ithilien.dream - bilbo & frodo baggins
There Frodo allowed Gollum to be captured by Faramir, saving Gollum's life but leaving him feeling betrayed by his "master". After giving them provisions, Faramir allowed the two hobbits and Gollum to go on their way, but warned Frodo of Gollum's treachery.
The three of them passed near to Minas Morgulwhere the pull of the Ring became almost unbearable. There, they began the long climb up the Endless Stair, and at the top entered the tunnel, not knowing it was the home of the giant spider Shelob. Gollum hoped to deliver the hobbits to her and retake the Ring from her leavings. Shelob stung Frodo, rendering him unconscious, but Sam drove her off with Sting and the Phial of Galadriel.
After attempting unsuccessfully to wake Frodo, and unable to find any signs of life, Sam concluded that he was dead and decided that his only option was to take the Ring and continue the quest. However, Orcs from Cirith Ungol soon found Frodo's body and knew that he was not dead. Planning to interrogate him after his awakening, they carried him into the tower at the head of the pass. After a brief confrontation in which Frodo became enraged that Sam had taken the Ring, Sam restored the Ring to him.
The two of them, dressed in scavenged Orc-armour, set off for Mount Doom, trailed by Gollum. They witnessed the plains of Gorgoroth empty at the approach of the Armies of the West, but at one point they barely escaped being drafted into an Orc-band.
With the Ring getting closer to its master, Frodo became progressively weaker as its influence grew. After running out of water, they left all unnecessary baggage behind to travel light. As they reached Mount Doom, Gollum reappeared and attacked Frodo, who beat him back.
Here, however, Frodo lost the will to destroy the Ring, and instead put it on, claiming it for himself. Gollum got past Sam and attacked the invisible Frodo, biting off his finger, and finally regained his "precious".
As he danced around in elation, Gollum lost his balance and fell with the Ring into the lava. The Ring was thus destroyed, and with it Sauron's power.