Lysander's relationship with Hermia invokes the theme of love's difficulty: he cannot to play Pyramus in the craftsmen's play for Theseus's marriage celebration. Bottom is full of advice and self-confidence but frequently makes silly mistakes. As expected, Theseus proves highly critical of Quince's disorganized dialogue Consequently, the relationship between Theseus and Hippolyta stands in sharp. In William Shakespeare's ''A Midsummer Night's Dream,'' the relationships between Oberon and Titania, Theseus and Hippolyta, Lysander and Hermia, and .
Moreover, in failing to place any stock in imagination or dreams, Theseus unwittingly removes any hope for romantic love.
- Theseus and Hermia
Indeed, his love life emerges as entirely devoid of any of the truly romantic or dreamy qualities of love. Throughout the play, Shakespeare portrays how the experience of love often seems like a dreamlike experience and cannot be proven, as Theseus would like, with facts and rational arguments.
For instance, the relationship between Hermia and Lysander seems quite romantic at the beginning of the play, as the young lovers escape to the woods to elope in secret.
A Midsummer Night's Dream: Imagination, Romantic Love, and the Creation of Art - Inquiries Journal
Likewise, at the end of the play, even the newly formed relationship between Helena and Demetrius closely parallels the ideals of romantic love. Perhaps the greatest example of the dream-like qualities of love emerges in the awakening of Titania to Bottom, with whom she immediately falls in love.
For Titania, real life becomes a dream. Bottom upholds that reason and love cannot exist together. Consequently, the relationship between Theseus and Hippolyta stands in sharp contrast to any of the other lovers in the play.
His marriage exhibits inequality as he assumes a domineering role. Furthermore, Theseus woos Hippolyta with the sword and not with the poetic language of love, unlike the other lovers in the play. Theseus attempts to keep his world of reason separate from the world of romantic love. Interestingly, in Act V, Hippolyta voices a desire for, or at least an attraction to, the romantic love which Hermia and Helena experience. In an attempt to persuade Theseus, she uses the rational argument that because all the lovers experience the same transforming powertheir experiences do not represent mere figments of the imagination.
Instead, she argues, they prove factual in nature. Hippolyta uses reason to relay a desire for love, but she only uses reason in order to better supplicate her husband, a man of reason. In this way, Hippolyta seems very much attracted to the world of dreams and romantic love, which Shakespeare designates as the woods.
While Theseus denies such a world, he ironically gives an accurate description of the poet at the beginning of Act V: In effect, Theseus describes the particular ability of the poet to transcend material boundaries, give substance to the abstract, and provide words for the otherwise unexplainable.
While Quince unknowingly speaks untruth, Theseus unknowingly speaks a truth which he quickly attempts to dismiss. Even earlier in Act V, Theseus draws a connection between three seemingly unrelated persons: Once again, Theseus reveals that he manifests some deeper knowledge, since the three persons are indeed related in their ability to dream. Lunatics think dreams represent reality; lovers dream about the people they love; and poets dream of a world beyond the physical world and make it accessible to people through language.
A Midsummer Night's Dream: Imagination, Romantic Love, and the Creation of Art
While Theseus speaks the truth, he still does not seem to latch onto to the value of dreaming and imagination yet. By contrast, Shakespeare revels in such a world of fancy.
In fact, at the very end of his play, Shakespeare warns the audience through the character of Robin to accept the play as a mere dream.
He also offers Hermia the third option of the nunnery. Although, Theseus is dominated by pride, he is very proud of his hunting dogs, which he insists to Hippolyta are superior to those she has seen before. Hippolyta immediately relents by holding her silence IV.
Theseus and Hermia | Fall Shakespeare I: Team 2
In addition, he appreciates the mechanics effort in the play-within-a-play, and the sincerity of the ordinary people.
He lets his imagination turn good people's sincere effort into a good performance. He does this with such a benevolent air that he seems condescending, and annoying to Hippolyta whom sees the play as it is, utter foolery, regardless of the effort. It is their wedding feast, and Theseus ends with at least it passed the time until bed time V,i, The strongest love seen in the play is between Oberon, King of the Fairies, and his wife Titania, Queen of the Fairies.
Over the many years that they have known each other, they have formed a strong bond with one another. Even though they have been together for a long time, in some ways, they still do not fully understand one another.
They fight over childish topics, and resort to immature behavior. For example, Oberon is jealous of the relationship between Titania and her Indian servant boy, so he puts her under a spell. He puts this potion on her in order to make her appear foolish and to divert her attention from the servant boy.