Tamil Nadu politics: MGR phenomenon then and now - Livemint
Talking about her relationship with MGR, with whom she did 28 movies, she Outlook quotes an interview she gave during this time which reflected By marking Karunanidhi as her political adversary, Jayalalithaa ended up. The relationship between Annadurai and Karunanidhi, and Karunanidhi and Anandan was the role of MGR (essayed by Mohanlal) in Iruvar. Karunanidhi-MGR Relationship: film 'Iruvar' defines the friendship between Karunanidhi and MGR, giving insight into Dravidian politics.
Outside of political rallies or tightly controlled press conference, Amma was rarely seen in public. However, this interview with Simi Garewal is an exception.
She talked candidly about her childhood and staying separated from her mother for several years. She even admitted to having a crush on cricketer Nari Contractor and actor Shami Kapoor. By her own admission, her acting career in the 60s, although successful was not entirely enjoyable.
She calls herself a natural actress, but was actually forced into acting by her mother. Despite it not being a profession of her choice, her drive to excel and perform superlatively well in anything that she took up, led her to success in the film industry.
This article in the Outlookdetails her turbulent equation with MGR. However, MGR remained suspicious and when he came to know of her attempts to take hold of the party following his stroke inhe stripped her of her post. But now I am my own person. Hereafter, I am responsible only for myself.
Never again will anybody influence me to such an extent that all my thoughts and actions and statements are influenced and made in a particular way just because someone else wants it that way. She talked about the mudslinging and the vilification that she had to face from the rival factions to establish her leadership in the party.
A Bohemian Rhapsody – The MGR-Karunanidhi Story
This even played out during the funeral. Seven or eight ladies, I wouldn't name them, landed up on the morning of the second day, stood by me, and started stamping on my feet, driving their nails into my skin, pinching me, and so on. Except for my face which was spared because it was visible, they attacked me everywhere else.
Now without MGR, as party propaganda secretary, I am number five. Despite 97 MLAs supporting her, goons entered the assembly and began assaulting the pro-Jayalalithaa faction. According to the author, it was the first time that the police had to enter the assembly to control the situation. Finally it was the government that won. When Jayalalithaa was informed about the rumpus in the Assembly she knew there was no time to waste. She issued a statement that democracy had been murdered and appealed to the Governor to dismiss Janaki's ministry immediately.
Annadurai was the first Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from a Dravidian party who began the practice of using movies to further the whole Dravidian narrative by injecting his ideologies into movie scripts. Parasakthi, brought out inwas the first high impact movie furthering the Dravidian agenda, with radical — and at that time unprecedented — comments against the social hierarchy set by the caste system and rigidly embraced by the Dravidian movement.
Rajendran — two of the founding members of the DMK — made their screen debuts. Since film censorship was a central government function, and the Congress was the government at the centre, movies produced by the DMK Party received very strict censorship from the then-ruling Congress government. The dialogues were so poetic that the censors never knew what they meant.
Before that, the censors used to delete parts of the Dravidian films purposely so that the movie would not make sense. When he was 20, Karunanidhi went to work for Jupiter Pictures as a scriptwriter. He would have to wait 5 years before he got his first individual credits for Rajakumaari inwhich won him tremendous acclaim. He eventually wrote 75 screenplays. His wit and oratorical skills became legendary as he rapidly gained public acclaim.
He was famous for writing reformist stories propagating the socialist and rationalist ideals of the Dravidian movement — to which he belonged. Parasakthi epitomized the perfection he had achieved in this regard, when he managed to get whole audiences to believe in his retelling of history through the magic of his language.
During British rule in India, the foreign rulers had based their whole local administration on making the Hindu caste system much more rigid — as was how they succeeded across the globe with their now-famous Divide and Rule methodology. The Dravidian Movement was originally aimed at achieving a society where backward castes would enjoy equal human rights and it encouraged backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste-based society that considered them to be the lower end of the hierarchy — which was how the British had understood and enforced it.
The Dravidian Movement was founded in by E. Ramasamy — more popularly known as Thanthai Periyar. The movement was extremely influential not just in Tamil Nadu — where Periyar conceptualized it — but also overseas in countries with large Tamil populations, such as Malaysia and Singapore.
The witty lyricism of his scripts and the populist catchphrases of which he was a seemingly endless fount won him the adoration of the masses in a manner that the cerebral intellects of Periyar and Annadurai had never been able to. AT that time, the British, in their efforts to normalize language across the nation, were trying to implement Hindi education in the South of India — which was Tamil speaking. A year-old Karunanidhi participated in the anti-Hindi agitations, and shortly after founded an organization for the local youth of his locality.
He circulated a handwritten newspaper called Manavar Nesan to its members. MuKa galvanized the student community into participating in social work and social endeavours.
He started a newspaper for the members of his Mandram clubtoday known as Murasoli. He came into fame during the Kallakudi agitations in the town of Dalmiapuram. The town had been a village called Kallakudi, but the Dalmia family had built a massive cement plant there and had named the town they had built Dalmiapuram, which eventually absorbed Kallakudi.
In protest, MuKa and his companions removed the name Dalmiapuram from the railway station sign and lay down on the tracks — preventing the progress of the trains. Two people died in that protest and Karunanidhi was arrested. Marudhur Gopalan Ramachandran Shortly thereafter — in — a young and already massively popular M. The Dravidar Kazhagam was, as we have discussed, the party led by Thanthai Periyar, which had originally been the Justice Party established inby T. Thyagaraya Chetty, which had been intended to represent non-Brahmins in general.
The Justice Party had ruled Madras Presidency from tobut when they lost inthey never seemed to recover from it ever. Byhe had complete control, having got rid of most of the old guard, and he renamed the Justice Party as the Dravidar Kazhagam — the Association of Dravidians.
The real reason for the split was because Periyar advocated a separate independent Dravidian or Tamil state while Annadurai compromised with the Delhi government in the hope of getting to rule Tamil Nadu — or Madras State, as it was known until Periyar appointed his much younger wife, Maniammai as his successor to lead the party, superseding E.
Annadurai, in a stunning example of his Machiavellian abilities, manoeuvred himself into the leadership of the newly formed DMK party on 17 September — the most stunning example of his brilliance lying in the fact that E. Now back to MGR. He became a vocal Tamil and Dravidian nationalist and prominent member of the party, adding glamour to the Dravidian movement, which was sweeping Madras State.
The DMK entered the electoral fray rather unsuccessfully in All their members had to stand as independents and everyone lost every seat they contested. Everyone, that is, except a year-old and now seasoned MuKa.
However, its popularity was limited to the areas surrounding the city of Madras and the North and South Arcot districts. However, it had won three city elections of the five largest cities — Madras, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Salem, and Coimbatore — in Madras State in alliance with the Communist Party of India in It had done so by capitalizing on its powerful urban base.
We do not object to being a part of the nation of India, we only object to North Indian Domination of our politics and the extraordinary powers held by the central government over the Dravidian people. We do not seek to secede from India, but only to amend this injustice through constitutional methods. There had for a while been a growing dissatisfaction with Annadurai within the ranks of his party.
With this statement, an infuriated E. This time out, the DMK won 50 seats in the assembly and emerged at the leaders of the opposition. It also marks the last time a non-Dravidian party won the elections in Tamil Nadu. During their first years together in the party, both of them openly admitted to having genuine love and respect for the other. To be honest, they had maintained this until the very end. It must be said very clearly that no matter how acrimonious the politics between MGR and Karunanidhi became down the road, their love and respect for each other never waned visibly.
The Ground Game Karunanidhi was an orator par excellence, and whether one agreed with his views or not, his ability to manipulate the usages of words on the fly enabled him to convince a lot of people that they, in fact, agreed with him. Towards the end ofwith 2 months to go for the assembly elections ofthe DMK was still not confident of victory in the elections of The stranglehold that the INC had on India was still immense, and though there had been much violence and bitterness during the anti-Hindi agitations in the years preceding, the honest truth was the — aside from party cadre — the Dravidian ideology had still not gripped the popular Tamil psyche.
Vasu, and actor M. MGR after the shooting. YouTube screengrab Now many theories have circulated for years since, but the most likely one also seems to be, for some reason, the one least discussed. Of course, it must also be remembered that M.
Radha was one of the most loyal members of the party.
Face-off: Decoding the two sides of Kalaignar Karunanidhi's personality
And then, there are other suspicious elements. Four men were standing at the casualty theatre door in clear view of the patients. They stood there with respect to hospital regulations without trying to get in though they would have been bursting with desire to have a word with MGR. Three of them I recognized. One was actor Asokan. He was visibly upset. The other was C.