Blood Pressure : Diabetes and high blood pressure
When it comes to preventing diabetes complications, normal blood pressure is as important as good control of your blood sugar levels. We know that high blood pressure is more common in people with diabetes than people without diabetes. But what if Low blood pressure is also known as “ hypotension.” You might . What Is a Normal Blood Sugar Level?. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is common among people with diabetes and can occur even when you're carefully managing the condition.
Results The general characteristics of the patient population are given in the Table. Eleven episodes occurred between 7 AM and 11 PM daytime. No patient reported symptoms of hypoglycemia. Glucose and BP profiles of the 12 patients who had hypoglycemic recordings are shown in Figure 1. Individual SBP and heart rate values before and after hypoglycemic events are shown in Figure 2.
No correlation was observed between the increase in SBP and the patient's age, diabetes duration, renal function, and duration or severity of hypoglycemia. However, the ranges and duration of low glucose values were narrow. Comment The existence of a link between tight blood glucose control and BP elevation in patients with type 1 diabetes has been a matter of debate.
The study results were attributed to a relative state of nocturnal hypoglycemia due to more intensive insulin therapy in the well-controlled diabetic group, with secondary increased catecholamine levels.
10 Warning Signs of Low Blood Sugar
However, none of these studies was designed to assess the direct relationship between hypoglycemia and hemodynamic changes, since the occurrence of hypoglycemic events was not documented at all. Our results demonstrate a close temporal relationship between hypoglycemia and BP increase. Going further, it is highly probable that hypoglycemia-induced hypertension is amplified in patients experiencing frequent and severe hypoglycemia, as typically those receiving intensive insulin therapy, which may increase the risk of a broad spectrum of hypertension-related complications.
Notably, it could have played a role in the disappointing cardiovascular results of intensive glucose control studies in diabetes, which raised great concern and remain poorly understood. It is noteworthy that this study showed an increased risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. More generally, through its impact on BP control, hypoglycemia may increase the rate of all diabetes complications sensitive to hypertension. This hypothesis clearly deserves further study, since it may have important implications for the treatment and monitoring of diabetic patients in the future.
The Relationship Between Type 2 Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
With insufficient insulin, your blood sugar levels rise. On the other hand, too much insulin may cause your blood sugar to drop quickly.
Read on to learn how low blood sugar affects your body systems.
Digestive, endocrine, and circulatory systems After you eat, your digestive system breaks down carbohydrates and turns them into glucose. As your sugar levels rise, your pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which helps glucose get taken up and used by cells throughout your body.
If you have insulin-dependent diabetes, you must take the right about of insulin to get the job done. Any excess glucose goes to your liver for storage.
When you go a few hours without eating, blood sugar levels go down.
If you have a healthy pancreas, it releases a hormone called glucagon to make up for the absence of food. This hormone tells your liver to process the stored sugars and release them into your bloodstream. If everything works as it should, your blood sugar levels should remain in the normal range until your next meal.
Insufficient blood sugar levels can cause a rapid heartbeat and heart palpitations. However, even if you have diabetes, you may not always have obvious symptoms of low blood sugar.
This is a potentially dangerous condition called hypoglycemia unawareness. Normally, low blood sugar causes your body to release stress hormones, such as epinephrine.
- Type 2 Diabetes and High Blood Pressure: What’s the Connection?
- Hypoglycemia-Induced Blood Pressure Elevation in Patients With Diabetes
- The Effects of Low Blood Sugar on Your Body