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He also married Themis, Eurynome, Europa, and Metis, the last of which he swallowed after marriage (Metis, while in Zeus' stomach, gave birth. In Greek mythology Metis was one of the elder Oceanids and the Titan-goddess of good counsel, planning, cunning and wisdom. She was a counsellor of Zeus. Zeus had had other wives before Hera. The first was Metis (Wisdom), whom Zeus swallowed just before she gave birth to Athena because he knew that her.
Children of Zeus Hermes Hermes is the son of Maia Zeus came to Maia secretly so that Hera would not interfere with his philandering. Hermes was a bit of a rogue from the very beginning but Zeus considered him a delightful child. Hermes invented the lyre and as he grew older and more serious, he became the messenger of the Immortals and the guide for souls bound for the House of Hades.
Just as their names imply, the Hours give harmony, justice and peace to all who honor and respect them As the daughters of Zeus, the Hours hold considerable influence over the way their father rewards and punishes his subject mortals. Dardanos, became the legendary patriarch of the Trojans, but Zeus killed Iasion with a thunderbolt because of his impudence. They are the sons of Leda and the brothers of Helen.
Kastor and Polydeukes had several adventures that distinguished them as fearless fighters and honorable young men.
They rescued Helen when she was kidnapped as a young girl After death, Kastor and Polydeukes were placed in the heavens as the constellation Gemini, i. Children of Zeus Lakedaemon Lakedaemon was the son of Taygete Magnes had two sons, Diktys and Polydektes. Magnes's brother Makedon founded the district known as Makedonia. Zeus came to Mnemosyne on nine consecutive nights and the nine daughters were the result of those nine unions. All nine girls are of one mind Children of Zeus Pandeia is the daughter of Selene [Moon] Children of Zeus Persephone Persephone is the daughter of Demeter [goddess of the harvest].
Zeus arranged for Persephone to marry Hades [lord of the dead] even though Hades was Persephone's uncle Much to Demeter's chagrin, Persephone became the queen of the dead. Children of Zeus Perseus Perseus was the son of Danae King Akrisios of Argos, Danae's father, was told by an oracle that Danae would have a son who would kill him.
To thwart the oracle, Akrisios had Danae locked in a bronze vault so she could not be seduced or wed Zeus came to her as a shower of gold and Perseus was a result of Zeus's touch. Children of Zeus Sarpedon Sarpedon was the son of Laodameia After his death, Zeus had sympathy for Sarpedon and sent Apollon to cleanse his body so that Hypnos [Sleep] and Thanatos [Death] could return Sarpedon's body to his home in Lykia.
The only creatures on the primitive earth were non-sentient animals and monsters such as the Orb-Eyed Cyclopes and the three gigantic boys who came to be known as Briareos, Kottos and Gyes with fifty heads and fifty arms.
The next generation of Immortals was not as fearsome looking as their predecessors but were monsters none the less As a son of Titans, Zeus brought to fruition the creation of human beings All that can be deduced about the time frames of the first three ages of mortal men is the they existed sometime before 40, BCE.
The "men" of the Golden Age were probably human-looking but it is easy to tell from their description that they were more like the Immortals than anything else. As the name implies, the Golden Age was wonderful. The mortals of this age were created during the time of Kronos The Golden Age mortals lived like gods without sorrow, toil or grief The earth willingly and ceaselessly provided abundant fruit and flocks so that they could live in peace and at their ease.
- The Sexual Relations of Zeus
When they died, it was as if sleep overcame them and they became Pure Spirits It was during the Silver Age that the idea of "female" mortals was experimented with but never fully implemented.
The Silver Age was less noble by far than the Golden Age because the Silver generation had neither the body nor the spirit of their predecessors. The children of the Silver Age mortals stayed at their mother's side for a hundred years When they were fully grown and had reached their prime, their lives became very short and sorrowful.
Their brief adult lives were marked by foolishness and punctuated by their wrongdoings towards one another. The most shameful aspect of the Silver Age mortals was that they refused to serve the Immortals or offer sacrifices at their altars While the Silver Age was still in progress, Zeus and his followers waged a bitter but successful war against the Titans. Kronos and the other Titans were forcibly removed to Tartaros [The Pit].
Zeus was not pleased with the conduct of the Silver Age mortals and put them away. They are called Blessed Spirits of the Underworld and although they are considered to be second-order, they are still worthy of honor. These "men" were, like their predecessors, man-like but certainly not human beings as we would define the species. There is an element of confusion as to the origins of the third mortal race.
They are said to have sprung from the ash tree but that explanation seems to explain nothing. Even when we consider the fact that the Immortals are not bound by natural law, a race of men engendered by ash trees seems difficult to imagine. Other interpretations of the origins of this race are: Regardless of semantics, the mortal men of the Age of Bronze were terrible and strong.
They thrived on the violent and lamentable works of Ares. They ate no bread and had hearts as hard as adamant. They used no iron The mortal men of the Age of Bronze were destroyed by their own penchant for violence and were seized by Thanatos [Death] and taken to the House of Hades. The last known man of the Age of Bronze was encountered and killed when Jason and the Argonauts were returning from their successful Quest for the Golden Fleece.
After Zeus had taken Europa to the island of Crete to raise their children, he placed a bronze man on the island to protect her He would pace around the island three times a day to ward off invaders and protect Europa and her descendants. When the Argonauts were trying to make landfall on Crete, Talos appeared on the shore and challenged them. Talos threw giant boulders at the Argo and scared the wits out of the battle-hardened Argonauts.
Princess Medeia was the only one on the ship capable of defeating Talos because she had been a priestess of one of Zeus's favorites But we're getting ahead of ourselves, all that happened near the end of the Age of Heroes. This was the age when Zeus finally created men and women like you and I. At first, there were only men but due to a conflict between Zeus and his cousin Prometheus, the first woman was created. She was not created to be a comfort or compliment to the men of the earth Zeus seemed to be aloof to their misery but knowing all things, he allowed the suffering to continue until events could take their destined course.
The Rebel-God Prometheus played a critical role in the creation of the first woman and thus complete Zeus's designs for the Age of Heroes.
The Titan Goddess Metis in Greek Mythology
As children of Titans, Zeus and Prometheus were of the same generation. Prometheus fought alongside Zeus against their Titan parents but he still did not agree with all that Zeus did. On one occasion, Prometheus tried to fool Zeus with a false sacrifice. Prometheus disregarded the ancient custom of offering the choicest portions of the sacrificial animal to the Immortal being honored by the sacrifice. In a vain attempt to deceive Zeus, Prometheus wrapped fat and bone in such a way that they appeared to be a traditional sacrifice.
Zeus recognized the deception and with infinite patience accepted the sacrifice. He went on to say that from that time on, all sacrifices would be presented in the same manner.
Prometheus misinterpreted Zeus's forbearance and thought that further disrespect would be treated with the same good natured indulgence. Prometheus stole fire from Zeus and gave it to the men on the earth.
It is difficult to know whether Prometheus was trying to test Zeus's authority or if he was simply trying to help the pitiable mortals of the earth Zeus instructed Hephaistos to chain Prometheus to the Caucasus Mountains where he was to remain for thirteen generations of mortal men.
To further the punishment, Zeus sent one of his eagles to eat at Prometheus's liver The revenge Zeus directed towards Prometheus was not limited to having the Rebel-God shackled to the mountain. Zeus proclaimed that in exchange for the fire that had been so cunningly stolen, he would send an evil thing to the men of the earth that they would welcome even though it would ensure their own destruction. Zeus envisioned this evil thing for the men of the earth as a woman Athene was instructed to teach Pandora needlework and the loom Aphrodite was instructed to shed grace upon Pandora's head as well as cruel longing and cares that would weary her limbs.
ZEUS MYTHS 2 LOVES - Greek Mythology
Zeus instructed his son Hermes to give Pandora a shameless mind with a deceitful nature. Zeus sent Hermes to Prometheus's brother Epimetheus Pandora was presented to Epimetheus as a divine gift. Epimetheus had been warned by Prometheus never to accept gifts from the Olympians, especially Zeus, but when Epimetheus saw Pandora he was rendered helpless When Epimetheus embraced Pandora, evil and despair entered the world After Pandora was emptied of her curse, only Hope remained As time passed, the population of the earth increased From that remote time until several generations before the Trojan War, the humans mated only with humans and the Immortals mated only with other Immortals.
All that changed when the gods, male and female, began to mate with the humans and have children. This new hybrid race was known as demigods. The Age of Heroes had begun. The Age of Heroes was dominated by the semi-divine progeny of the Immortals The reign of the demigods became such a burden to the Immortals that a drastic and bloody solution had to be initiated The Age of Heroes was drawing to an end and Zeus, like many of the other Immortals, wanted to be rid of the children they had sired with mortals.
When Zeus saw the quality and superiority of demigods like Herakles, Helen and Achilles, he knew that future generations of demigods would be inferior. The Trojan War was considered to be an expedient way to kill a good number of the inferior demigods. With the deaths of the demigods, the Age of Heroes would be over and the Age of Iron could begin.
Of all the contributing factors that led to the Trojan War, the most significant has been called The Judgment of Paris. Alexandros, was a Prince of Troy and because of Zeus, became embroiled in a dispute between three very formidable goddesses.
The Nereid Thetis shunned the romantic advances of Zeus so he punished her by making her marry a mortal man named Peleus. The goddess Hera wanted to honor Thetis because she was one of the few goddesses who had evaded the love of Zeus Hera arranged for all the notable Immortals to attend the wedding of Thetis and Peleus. Eris, the goddess of discord and strife, made a special appearance at the wedding It became obvious that the situation was not going to resolve itself because the goddesses were not going to agree to any sort of compromise.
Zeus sent for Prince Paris and insisted that he make the decision as to which of the goddesses deserved the golden apple. Paris could not have known that no matter which goddess he chose, the result would be the death of his family and the complete destruction of Troy. Aphrodite contrived a way to make Paris choose her as the most beautiful goddess There was no prize or reward that Hera or Athene could have offered which would have been more tempting to Paris because Helen was the daughter of Zeus.
Helen's mother Leda was the wife King Tyndareus of Sparta and although Tyndareus knew that he was not Helen's father, he raised her as his own.
Metis (mythology) - Wikipedia
When Helen was old enough to marry, Tyndareus's household was besieged with anxious young men from every part of Greece. Tyndareus quickly realized that no matter which man he chose to be Helen's husband, she was so irresistible that she would always be in danger of being kidnapped. Tyndareus very wisely made all the suitors swear a solemn and scared oath that they would come to Helen's rescue if she was ever taken from her chosen husband.
All the young heroes and princes who wooed Helen took the oath without realizing that they would soon be called upon to fight and die at Troy for Helen's sake. The former suitors of Helen were called upon to fulfill their oaths With Hera, Athene, Poseidon on the side of the Achaeans, i.
After Aphrodite and Ares were wounded defending the Trojans, Zeus ordered all Immortals to stay out of the fighting. He went to Mount Ida and directed the combat so as to give glory to the beloved Trojan commander, Hektor.
There were many sons of the Immortals in the battle for Troy Zeus let his son Sarpedon die on the battlefield Aphrodite was wounded protecting her son Aineias Ares's son Askalaphos was killed, but Achilles, the son of the goddess Thetis, was to be the grand sacrifice.
At one point, the war was going so badly for the Achaeans that Hera could not contain her eagerness to help.
Under false pretenses, she received glamour and love charms from Aphrodite and with the help of Hypnos [Sleep], seduced Zeus on the peaks on Mount Ida.
When Zeus saw her coming to the mountaintop, he was so overwhelmed with desire that he praised her beauty and then went on to tell her that she was more beautiful than the wife of Ixion, who bore him Peirithoos; and sweet Danae who bore him Perseus; and Europa who bore him Minos and Rhadamanthys; or Semele who bore him Dionysos; or Alkmene who bore him Herakles; or Demeter who bore him Persephone; or glorious Leto, the mother of Apollon and Artemis Just as Hera planned, while Zeus slept after the love making, Poseidon secretly entered the battle on the side of the Achaeans.
Poseidon was bellowing and shrieking from the battlefield and the mighty sound awakened Zeus from his slumber. Wind-Footed Iris was sent to warn Poseidon of his folly and command him to withdraw. Zeus sent Apollon to revive Prince Hektor who had been severely wounded. Zeus then ordered Apollon to charge against the Achaean defenses and push them back to their beached ships After Zeus was satisfied that he was again fully in charge, he ordered all the Immortals to assemble on Mount Olympos.
He told them to choose sides and enter the battle as they saw fit. The ten-year war was nearly at an end. During the course of the war, many of the demigods were killed A few demigods survived but they too were doomed. The most remarkable demigod to survive the Trojan War was Aphrodite's son, Aineias As the Greeks were killing the Trojan men, they found Aineias carrying his elderly father Anchises to safety.
The Greeks were moved by Aineias's devotion to his father and spared his life Aineias again impressed the Greeks when he took only religious items and no treasure. Aineias fled to Italy where he died and his descendants are purported to have founded the Roman Empire.
The Trojan War was the final glory of the demigods We are still in the Age of Iron and must resign ourselves to the fact that there is absolutely nothing we can do to alter our fate We are doomed to never rest from our daily toils or from dying by night. The Immortals will lay sore troubles on us but there will be good mingled with the evil we must endure. Zeus will finally destroy our mortal race when children are born with gray hair. There will be unmistakable signs that the Age of Iron is nearing it doom.
Parents and children will cease to agree with one another Men will dishonor their parents with harsh words and refuse to repay the debt of their nurture The ills of the Age of Iron will finally manifest in false oaths Aidos [Shame] and Nemesis [Divine Retribution] will flee the earth and leave us to wallow in our bitter sorrows with no protection against an all consuming evil.
Tantalos was a son of Zeus who received great honors from the Immortals but his complete lack of restraint earned him a special punishment in the House of Hades.
Tantalos either tried to steal the food of the Immortals or he killed his son Pelops and served the flesh to the Olympians. Another version of his punishment is given in the fragmentary remains of The Returns where he was permitted to live with the Immortals and allowed to ask for anything he desired.
His pleasures were so self-indulgent that Zeus surrounded him with earthly pleasures and placed a giant stone over his head to prevent him from enjoying them. He was placed in a pool of water from which he could never drink and under a fruit tree from which he could never eat. Ixion Ixion was a king of Thessaly who became the object of divine forgiveness and punishment. Ixion arranged to have his father-in-law fall into a pit of burning coals rather than give over the dowry for his daughter, Dia.
Zeus forgave Ixion for this outrageous act but the ungrateful Ixion tried to seduce the goddess Hera. Zeus formed a counterfeit Hera from a cloud and named her Nephele. Ixion did not perceive the deception and showered his affections on Nephele thinking that he had seduced the real Hera. Ixion and Nephele had a son named Kentauros who became the progenitor of the Centaurs when he mated with the Magnesian mares.
The Centaurs are a race of creatures with the body of a horse and the torso of a human. Zeus then condemned Ixion to spend eternity on a revolving wheel in the House of Hades. The above image shows the defiant Ixion being attacked by snakes and fastened to the revolving wheel in the House of Hades. The woman being carried away might be Dia. Orion There is a curious story about the birth of Orion that involves Zeus.
Zeus, Poseidon and Hermes visited a man named Hyrieus at the city of Thebes. The hide was removed and the bull was cut into portions for the sacrifice. After the sacrifice was complete, Zeus, Poseidon and Hermes urinated on the bull hide and buried it. From that hide, Orion was born. Orion became known as The Hunter Keyx and Alkyone Keyx and his wife Alkyone trivialized Zeus's dignity and suffered a cruel fate. Keyx was the son of Eophorus, the morning star Alkyone was the daughter of Aeolus, the eponymous founder of the Aeolian nation.
Their noble heritage could not protect the presumptuous couple when Keyx began calling Alkyone Hera and she jokingly called him Zeus Zeus saw this arrogance from atop Mount Olympos and in a fit of anger, turned them both into birds. Baukis and Philemon As is the custom of the Immortals, Zeus and Hermes were wandering the countryside disguised as mortals to observe and test the devotion of their subjects. When they came upon the humble abode of Baukis and her husband Philemon, the two gods were welcomed with sincere friendliness.
Zeus noted the kindness of Baukis and Philemon and kept an eye on them from Mount Olympos. When a flood threatened to wash away their home and kill Baukis and Philemon, they were transformed into trees to spare their lives and reward them for their hospitality. Zeus's first wife Themis made the aegis for him but presented it to the war-like goddess Athene when she was born fully attired in war-gear.
The aegis had the severed head of the snake-headed Medusa as the dominate image Medusa's head was surrounded by scenes of warfare and carnage.
The intended effect was to strike fear and panic into any foe. The term Aegis has a double meaning in relation to Zeus. The Oak Tree It should be no surprise that the most majestic of trees would be the symbol of Zeus.
The most sacred oracular shrine for Zeus was located at Dodona in Epirus. The site of the shrine was established by Zeus because he loved Dodona and appointed it to be his oracle. Two Egyptian priestesses of Ammon [an Egyptian name for Zeus] turned themselves into doves to escape slavery The dove-priestess of Dodona settled in the hollow of an oak tree and began giving prophecy with a human voice to those who brought appropriate gifts.
Another form of oak-prophecy at Dodona was conducted by the priests known as Selloi The Quest for the Golden Fleece involved the protection of Zeus by the incorporation of oak wood in the ship the Argonauts used. Knowing that the Argonauts were facing an arduous journey, the goddess Athene cut an oak from Mount Pelion and gave it to the shipwright Argos, who used the sacred wood for the keel of the ship. The Argonauts also encountered a man named Paraebios who was punished because his father had chopped down an oak tree.
When Paraebios's father was preparing to chop down the tree, the tree's Hamadryad Nymph, who shared the life of the tree, begged him to spare her tree. Paraebios's father chopped the oak tree down and the Nymph punished him and his son, Paraebios. The curse was finally lifted when Paraebios built an altar and prayed to have the sins of his father forgiven. In a bit of double-symbolism, Athene and Apollon transformed themselves into vultures and perched in an oak tree to watch the fighting during the Trojan War.
They became vultures to imply their blood-lust and they sat in an oak tree to demonstrate their authority as children of Zeus. The Eagle The eagle is Zeus's bird Used as a symbol or a messenger, the eagle does the will of Zeus.
The eagle can be found in several accounts where Zeus made his will known by sending the noble bird as his representative. The following examples illustrate that point: Prometheus When Prometheus had to be punished for defying Zeus, an eagle was sent to torment the Rebel-God. Zeus had Prometheus chained to the Caucasus Mountains and then sent an eagle to tear at Prometheus's liver This went on for thirteen generations of mortal men. Finally, Herakles, as the son of Zeus, was permitted to kill the eagle and free Prometheus from his bonds.
Ganymedes A less gruesome example of an eagle serving Zeus was when Zeus saw an attractive young man named Ganymedes and decided to take him to Mount Olympos to serve as a cupbearer. Ganymedes was a son of King Tros of Troy who was the great-grandson of Zeus.
Zeus sent an eagle to snatch Ganymedes from his home and transport him to Mount Olympos where Zeus made him immortal.
The Trojan War spawned many heroes but second only to Achilles, Aias was the most feared man in the Achaean army. Before Aias was born, Herakles was a guest of Telamon and prayed aloud that Telamon would have a manly son. Zeus heard the prayer and sent an omen in the form of an eagle to signify his blessing. The danger of having a prophecy told about you though, was never more apparent than with the Titan goddess Metis.
Who Were Metis' Parents? The goddess Metis was born to the Titan pairing of Oceanus and Tethys, the god and goddess of freshwater. As such, Metis was probably born at a similar time to Zeus and his siblings; Oceanus being brother to Cronus, the father of Zeus. This parentage would make Metis an Oceanid, one of the daughters of Oceanus. Oceanids though, were normally classed as nymphs, minor figures in Greek mythology associated with lakes, springs and wells.
Metis though was a much more important figure, and would be named as the Greek goddess of Wisdom. The rule of the Titans would come to an end when Zeus and his siblings rebelled against their father. In several versions of the myth, it is Metis who concocted and gave the drug to Cronus, which caused the Titan to regurgitate the imprisoned siblings of Zeus.
It is more commonly written though, that the drug was made by Gaia. The rebellion of Zeus would lead to a 10 year war, the Titanomachy; in general terms, the war would pit the first and second generation Titans against Zeus and his allies. Oceanus and Tethys, the parents of Metis, though, would remain neutral during the war; their children though were not always neutral. Zeus would then take Metis as his first wife.