International relations - Wikipedia
Political Science and International Relations . Our undergraduate degrees offer you a broad range of options allowing you to combine subjects in a way that. International relations (also known as international affairs or global Fields of politics you could study a specialized degree in, or study a. International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as . and affairs, respectively. In , Ramon Llull University initiated the first International Relations degree in Barcelona, the favourite city fully in English.
The most pursued careers in International Relations include: Diplomat - Maintaining good relations between countries As a diplomat, you will represent and protect a nation's interests abroad in terms of politics, trade and consular services. Some of your responsibilities will be: Check out a selection of international Masters in Diplomacy. Intelligence Specialist - Gathering state-critical information As an intelligence specialist, you can work in the military, the navy, security departments, or almost any state department of one of the national government agencies.
Your main duties will include: Collect and analyse operational intelligence data; Conduct mission reports, using data, maps and charts; Evaluate results and prepare reports, statistics and graphics; Maintain intelligence databases, libraries, and files.
Your tasks will be to: However, there is no clear dividing line between the two forms of power. National interest[ edit ] Perhaps the most significant concept behind that of power and sovereignty, national interest is a state's action in relation to other states where it seeks to gain advantage or benefits to itself. Core or vital interests constitute the things which a country is willing to defend or expand with conflict such as territory, ideology religious, political, economicor its citizens.
Peripheral or non-vital are interests which a state is willing to compromise. For example, in the German annexation of the Sudetenland in a part of Czechoslovakia under the Munich AgreementCzechoslovakia was willing to relinquish territory which was considered ethnically German in order to preserve its own integrity and sovereignty.
Rather, it is the presence of non-state actors, who autonomously act to implement unpredictable behaviour to the international system.
What Can I Become If I Study International Relations? - zolyblog.info
Whether it is transnational corporationsliberation movementsnon-governmental agenciesor international organizationsthese entities have the potential to significantly influence the outcome of any international transaction.
Additionally, this also includes the individual person as while the individual is what constitutes the states collective entity, the individual does have the potential to also create unpredicted behaviours. Al-Qaedaas an example of a non-state actor, has significantly influenced the way states and non-state actors conduct international affairs.
During the Cold Warthe alignment of several nations to one side or another based on ideological differences or national interests has become an endemic feature of international relations.
Unlike prior, shorter-term blocs, the Western and Soviet blocs sought to spread their national ideological differences to other nations. Truman under the Truman Doctrine believed it was necessary to spread democracy whereas the Warsaw Pact under Soviet policy sought to spread communism. After the Cold War, and the dissolution of the ideologically homogeneous Eastern bloc still gave rise to others such as the South-South Cooperation movement.
Polarity international relations Polarity in international relations refers to the arrangement of power within the international system. The concept arose from bipolarity during the Cold Warwith the international system dominated by the conflict between two superpowersand has been applied retrospectively by theorists. However, the term bipolar was notably used by Stalin who said he saw the international system as a bipolar one with two opposing powerbases and ideologies.
Consequently, the international system prior to can be described as multipolar, with power being shared among Great powers. Empires of the world in The collapse of the Soviet Union in had led to unipolarity, with the United States as a sole superpower, although many refuse to acknowledge the fact. China's continued rapid economic growth in it became the world's second-largest economycombined with the respectable international position they hold within political spheres and the power that the Chinese Government exerts over their people consisting of the largest population in the worldresulted in debate over whether China is now a superpower or a possible candidate in the future.
However, China's strategic force unable of projecting power beyond its region and its nuclear arsenal of warheads compared to of the United States  mean that the unipolarity will persist in the policy-relevant future.
Several theories of international relations draw upon the idea of polarity. The balance of power was a concept prevalent in Europe prior to the First World Warthe thought being that by balancing power blocs it would create stability and prevent war.
Theories of the balance of power gained prominence again during the Cold Warbeing a central mechanism of Kenneth Waltz 's Neorealism. Here, the concepts of balancing rising in power to counter another and bandwagonning siding with another are developed. Robert Gilpin 's Hegemonic stability theory also draws upon the idea of polarity, specifically the state of unipolarity.
Political Science and International Relations
Hegemony is the preponderance of power at one pole in the international system, and the theory argues this is a stable configuration because of mutual gains by both the dominant power and others in the international system.
This is contrary to many neorealist arguments, particularly made by Kenneth Waltzstating that the end of the Cold War and the state of unipolarity is an unstable configuration that will inevitably change. The case of Gilpin proved to be correct and Waltz's article titled "The Stability of a Bipolar World"  was followed in by William Wohlforth 's article titled "The Stability of a Unipolar World"  Waltz's thesis can be expressed in power transition theorywhich states that it is likely that a great power would challenge a hegemon after a certain period, resulting in a major war.
It suggests that while hegemony can control the occurrence of wars, it also results in the creation of one. Workshops - are problem solving sessions facilitated by a member of academic staff; these sessions usually involve students working in groups.
International Relations (Political Science)
Our lecturers and tutors will ensure you have all the resources you need to make the transition from A levels to the more rigorous demands of a degree. Contact hours For all undergraduate modules students attend lectures and seminars regularly throughout the term. Contact hours vary dependent on module choice. As well as time with your lecturers and personal tutor, academic and professional services staff like our dedicated Careers Network team will be available to offer individual and group support throughout your time here at Birmingham.
Personal Tutor From the outset, you will be assigned your own Personal Tutor who will get to know you as you progress through your studies, providing academic and welfare advice, encouraging you and offering assistance in any areas you may feel you need extra support to make the most of your potential and your time here at Birmingham. Self study is an essential part of the programme and requires self motivation and enthusiasm for your subject.
It also allows you to pursue your own lines of enquiry and become an independent thinker. Lecturers and world leading researchers Throughout the course you will be taught by lecturers who have worked in the field of political science and international relations as well as world leading researchers. You can learn more about the School by visiting the School of Government and Society staff pages. The space has been designed to create modern, attractive spaces for teaching and research accommodating academic offices, "hubs" for post graduate research students, teaching rooms for up to people and a seat lecture theatre.