Was King Tut the Pharaoh of the Exodus? - Amazing Bible Timeline with World History
5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the. Children's Version. When Moses and his brother Aaron got to Egypt the Lord told them what to do. He said, "Go to Pharaoh and tell him to let the Israelites go. Since the pharaoh, who appears alongside Moses in the Exodus story is nameless, we are Ramses is a personal name meaning “son of Ra.
The ash cloud passing overhead would have completely cut out the sun and plunged the Delta into darkness. This would have been accompanied by the kind of unusual weather seen after volcanic eruptions — lightening and perhaps hail. This would explain two of the 10 plagues — darkness and hail.
With river levels dropping, the water would have begun to stagnate. Combined with the poisonous minerals that were raining down from the ash cloud, the Nile would have become a deadly cocktail and conditions would have been ripe for an outbreak of further plagues.
When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the mind of Pharaoh and his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, "What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?
Could be a biblical exaggeration? Inon the site of the city of Ramses II, German archeologists unearthed the foundations of an ancient stable. By the end of the dig, they had found enough stables for at least horses and chariots. Pillars of cloud and fire And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.Israel In Ancient Egypt - Archaeological Proof
Santorini is miles away, but the column of smoke would have towered some 40 miles above sea level. Climatologist Mike Rampino thinks that the ash could have been seen from as far away as Egypt.
During the day, the ash would have looked like a column of smoke and by night static electricity in the atmosphere would have caused lightning in this cloud. The parting of the 'Red Sea' Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the LORD drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. If you read the bible in the original Hebrew, the word 'red' is mistranslated. In the Hebrew bible Moses and his people cross the 'yam suph' - the Sea of Reeds.
Now this is a strange story. You can imagine trying to cross the Red Sea would be horrendously difficult but a Reed Sea is something quite different. This is marshland areas and this is probably what they crossed. Ancient Egyptian texts mention an area called Patchoufy: This is probably what they crossed. David Rohl, Egyptologist So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its normal course when the morning appeared.
If you're talking about a shallow reed swamp of maybe two or three metres maximum of water, this sort of thing is physically possible. In fact it's been witnessed within the last years The Egyptian army might not have been completely decimated. Many of the horses would have been killed, chariots would have been stuck in the mud. David Rohl, Egyptologist What about the famous image of a great canyon of water?
Could this have any basis in reality? Computer simulations of the Santorini eruption show that the collapse of the island would have triggered a mega-tsunami - a foot wave travelling at miles an hour. Floyd McCoy, a tsunami expert, says this was one of the largest waves in history and must have reached Egypt.
We find evidence, believe it or not, on the deep ocean floor. The tsunamis actually scraped across the bottom of the ocean floor in the Mediterranean and disturbed the sediment.
We can find that sediment. That gives us some indication of the directions they went The computer model showed us waves radiating out all over the Mediterranean, reaching the Nile Delta. If you look at ordinary waves you can see that just before they break, the water withdraws from the shore. A mega-tsunami would syphon billions of gallons of water - not just from the shore but from connecting rivers and lakes - creating dry land for as long as two hours. We should think of a two-metre tsunami wave like a rapid change of the sea level by two metres along the coast, and that can can travel several kilometres inland.
The destructive force of the wave could easily destroy an army. Costas Synolakis, tsunami expert Is there any other supporting evidence for this theory? Inthe Philippine island of Mindoro was hit by a tsunami and an earthquake. The earthquake caused a massive crack in the bed of a lake about a mile inland.
An eye-witness said he saw the water like a waterfall in the centre of the lake just go down.
After a while, he could see the bottom of the lake: The mega-tsunami which hit the Nile delta was a thousand times more devastating than this one. Moses' significance The significance of Moses Dr R.
Moberly of the University of Durham explains the significance of Moses' story. Moses - the man Map of the locations in Moses' story Moses' appearance marks a kind of new beginning in the biblical story. Israel's ancestors, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are in the past. In time of famine their descendants went down to Egypt, the largest and wealthiest neighbouring country, and settled there.
These Hebrews became numerous, but Egypt's ruler, the Pharaoh, decided that they would be a good source of cheap labour, and began to exploit them in building projects; he also decided to make them less dangerous by keeping their numbers down through killing their male children at birth Exodus 1. When Moses was born, his mother sought to protect him by putting him in a basket to float on the river Nile.
Here he was providentially found by the Pharaoh's daughter who took pity on him and brought him up as her own child Exodus 2. One day Moses saw an Egyptian and a Hebrew fighting. Moses, in his first battle, made a surprise attack on the Ethiopians and they were defeated. They then began to flee Egypt while Moses followed them all the way back to their own country in order to engage them in battle. In the end they retreated to Saba, the Capital of Ethiopia.
But in an inscription was found on a tomb at Elkab detailing a massive invasion of Egypt from the combined armies of Kush along with its allies from neighboring lands.
Many cities along the Nile were indeed ransacked by the Ethiopians for their treasures. And some believe that if the Ethiopians had stayed in those cities and had not just ransacked them, they could have indeed conquered all of Egypt. The next significant event which occurs in the life of Moses is when he flees the land of Egypt after killing an Egyptian. Moses was 40 years old at this time according to Acts 7: And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended and avenged him who was oppressed, and struck down the Egyptian.
Then Moses fled to Midian. The pharaoh at that time was probably Amenhotep I, who also accounts engaging the Ethiopians in battle. That leaves us with who was the pharaoh of the Exodus. Moses traveled to his palace and told him of the victories he gained for Egypt in the war against Ethiopia.
He also spoke to Pharaoh about what had taken place on Mount Sinai, and when Pharaoh laughed, Moses showed him the signs. She mentions that she was rebuilding a temple in Avaris, from where we mentioned earlier the shepherd kings ruled. Therefore, overthrowing our fathers rule, their posterity did not acknowledge Re.
From her statement it appears that Israel was in Egypt, down to or right before her reign. So this would indicate that either her father Thutmose I or her husband Thutmose II with whom she coreigned as queen, would be candidates for the Exodus Pharaoh. Another really interesting thing about this inscription is the possibility that the hieroglyphic symbols on the inscription may also be translated in a way that could mention the Hebrews passing through the parted sea running from chariots.
But when broken down separately into two words, sh and mamu. Another inscription from Thutmose III, who coreigned along with Hatshepsut, may also indicate that the Israelites had left Egypt before his time. In a hymn he wrote speaking of the power of his god, Amon-Re, he states: According to the Bible, after the ten plagues that God sent against Egypt, Israel departed, but Pharaoh led his army in pursuit of them at the Red Sea.
The Bible records the following: And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the armies of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained. So since Hatshepsut and Thutmose III both state in their inscriptions that they lived at a time when the Hebrews were no longer in Egypt, this would exclude them from being the pharaoh who died in the parting of the Red sea incident.
Although they would have been alive growing up in the house of the two previous pharaohs to witness the plagues on Egypt and the Exodus first hand. From the marshes of Kebeh near Heliopolis to Elephantine. Yet he predeceased his father, possibly in the firstborn plague.
He also had another daughter named Nefrubity who also seems to have died very young. This and the fact that the mummy, of what was once identified as Thutmose I, is no longer considered to be his, gives a high probability that he is the Exodus pharaoh. For if his mummy is missing, this could possibly account for his death in the Red sea, while the mummies of all the other pharaohs who lived during the Exodus time frame have been found. Although it is important to note that if one reads Exodus This would have allowed the Egyptians access to his body for burial.
In his article in the Jerusalem Post, you would think the Egyptian stela was talking directly about the Exodus. In talking about the stele, Rosenberg cites the following curses: CON — Plagues not actually listed Unfortunately, things that look too good to be true usually are. The only thing the restoration stele of Tutankhamen says is that the gods turned their back on the land.
It does not give any specifics about curses. It does not even mention the specific gods by name. It is Rosenberg, who took the plagues recorded in the Exodus and linked them with specific Egyptian deities. He points to the Hyksosa Semitic people group. They entered Egypt in large numbers around BC. They became so dominant that they ruled Egypt for close to years BC. Josephus was a Jewish historian and a contemporary of Jesus.
He thought that the Israelites entered Egypt with this group. Remember the high position Joseph held in the Egyptian government? This made perfect sense during this period of Semitic rule in Egypt. This was followed by a stark shift in power between the 15th and 18th dynasty.
- Was King Tut the Pharaoh of the Exodus?
- Moses’ Relationships with Rameses and God
The Semites lost power whereas the native Egyptians regained it. Could this help explain the shift in attitude on the part of the Egyptian government towards Israel? Israel thrives as a minority under Joseph.
The Story of Moses and the Pharaoh
Even the Amazing Bible Timeline follows Bishop Ussher in assigning years to this period rather than His dates restore this original figure. He ignores the two primary pieces of evidence that most commentators cite. One is a chronological note in 1 Kings 6: The second is the reference to the city Rameses.