Steve biko and donald woods relationship help

The family of slain South African black activist Mr Steve Biko yesterday that Mr Woods benefited more from the relationship than his father. THE DEATH OF STEVE BIKO by Donald Woods. Page 12 by Vortex. Page 13 . support white South Africa in any future conflict which may develop with black. Much of the story of Wendy Woods is bound up with her journalist leader of South Africa's Black Consciousness Movement, Steve Biko.

And I'm glad that I do know what I know now, because it's something that's important to educate yourself about. But it is pretty awful, and it's an intense reading experience. A lot of things, unfortunately, felt relevant to things that have been coming to light lately with the Black Lives Matter movement. Not just the police brutality, but the way the Black Consciousness Movement was received and misconstrued.

The Black Consciousness Movement was an exclusively black movement to separate the blacks hoping to throw off their oppression from white liberals who were often well-meaning but misguided and more harmful than anything else most of the time.

As Biko explained it, the point of the movement was to restore consciousness to black people and make them confident and independent again in a way that couldn't be achieved through another petition or through their white "allies" talking over them.

Donald Woods - Wikipedia

White liberals--including Woods himself, at first--took offense to being excluded and complained that black consciousness was itself racist. It sounds similar to white folks complaining now about "reverse" racism. I've seen arguments, and I'm sorry to say even made the mistake of starting a few, where white "allies" take offense to being excluded from certain conversations about anti-blackness. There's still a whole shit load of "well, not all white people! I'm only just learning to find the balance between being an ally and not overstepping, and I don't think I'll ever get it completely right.

Biko by Donald Woods

That does lead to the conflicting thing about this novel: And I commend Woods for writing it and think it's something he absolutely needed to write. He himself was banned for writing about Stephen Biko and he risked his life writing this and then escaping the country to get this book published, to tell the world who Stephen Biko was and exactly what Apartheid was. And while he talked about his views and how Biko changed those views, he didn't try to make the book about him.

The focus was always on Biko, on his life, on the inquiry into his death, on testimonies from the friend that was arrested with him on what actually happened in that prison. But I think the great injustice here is that the person who SHOULD have written this book was unable to because he was beaten to death in prison.

Donald Woods

He and his family lived in South Africa until they fled in fearing for their lives. Richard Attenborough's award-winning film Cry Freedom catalogued Woods' transformation into an unwavering white voice railing against apartheid. The watershed experience in Wood's journey toward a better understanding of the black African experience occurred in It was then that he met the black activist, Stephen Biko. The two became close friends.

Biko was the leader of the Black Consciousness Movement and fought against white supporters of apartheid; he was also highly suspicious of white liberals. Biko felt that if black South Africans were going to win their complete freedom and independence they would have to do it without white assistance. Biko feared that white liberals would neuter black African development. Biko realized that blacks had the dual problem of both overt and covert racism. One can easily see overt forms of racism: However, covert racism is more difficult to deal with.

steve biko and donald woods relationship help

This covert form is personified by the desire of some whites to do something for the black South Africans. In an earlier time, this idea was called "the white man's burden. Woods went back to work at the Dispatch and married Wendy Bruce, whom he had known since they were teenagers in their hometown. They had six children: Their fourth son, Lindsay, born incontracted meningitis and died just before his first birthday. The family had settled into a comfortable life in East Londonand in Februaryat the age of 31, Woods rose to the position of editor-in-chief of the Daily Dispatch[2] which held an anti-apartheid editorial policy.

As editor, Woods expanded the readership of the Dispatch to include Afrikaans-speakers as well as black readers in nearby Transkei and Ciskei. Woods integrated the editorial staff and flouted apartheid policies by seating black, white, and coloured reporters in the same work-area.

Additionally, he favored hiring reporters who had had experience working overseas. Woods had several scrapes with the South African Security Police regarding editorial matters and on numerous occasions ruffled the feathers of Prime Minister B.

Vorster in frank, face-to-face exchanges regarding the content of Dispatch editorials.


Woods found himself tiptoeing around, and sometimes directly challenging, the increasingly restrictive government policies enacted to control the South African press. A young black woman, Dr Mamphela Rampheleberated Woods for writing misleading stories about the movement, challenging him to meet with Biko.

The two men became friends, leading the Security Police to monitor Woods's movements.

steve biko and donald woods relationship help

Nevertheless, Woods continued to provide political support to Biko, both through writing editorials in his newspaper and controversially hiring black journalists to the Daily Dispatch. On 16 Junean uprising broke out in Sowetoin which predominantly to year-old students from Soweto participated in a march to protest against being taught in Afrikaans and against the Bantu Education system in general.

steve biko and donald woods relationship help

The police ordered the children to disperse, and when they refused the police opened fire, killing scores and by some estimates, hundreds [3] of them.

As the children pelted the police with stones, South Africa went up in flames.

steve biko and donald woods relationship help

The government responded by banning the entire Black Consciousness Movement along with many other political organisations, as well as issuing banning orders against various persons.

Donald Woods was one of the banned persons and was effectively placed under house arrest. He was killed on September Woods went to the morgue with Biko's wife Ntsiki and photographed Biko's battered body.

The photographs were later published in Woods's book, exposing the South African government's cover-up of the cause of Biko's death. Life in exile[ edit ] Tele Bridge border post from the South African side Soon after Biko's death, Woods was himself placed under a five-year ban.