more, differences in holding and stockout costs can cause a firm to replenish .. Propositions 2, 3, and 4 give a direct relationship between y, the sign of yT -. These kind of inventory are use for predicable events that would cause a change in people's demand. ch = annual holding cost rate×annual cost of holding one unit in inventory = I. Du (UNB). SCM The following graph illustrates the inventory level as a function.
Ordering excess quantity will result in carrying cost of inventory.
Where as ordering less will result in increase of replenishment cost and ordering costs. These two above costs together are called Total Stocking Cost.
If you plot the order quantity vs the TSC, you will see the graph declining gradually until a certain point after which with every increase in quantity the TSC will proportionately show an increase.
This functional analysis and cost implications form the basis of determining the Inventory Procurement decision by answering the two basic fundamental questions - How Much to Order and When to Order.
Carrying Cost Inventory storage and maintenance involves various types of costs namely: Inventory Storage Cost Cost of Capital Inventory carrying involves Inventory storage and management either using in house facilities or external warehouses owned and managed by third party vendors. In both cases, inventory management and process involves extensive use of Building, Material Handling Equipments, IT Software applications and Hardware Equipments coupled managed by Operations and Management Staff resources.
Inventory Storage Cost Inventory storage costs typically include Cost of Building Rental and facility maintenance and related costs. Cost of Material Handling Equipments, IT Hardware and applications, including cost of purchase, depreciation or rental or lease as the case may be.
Carrying cost - Wikipedia
Further costs include operational costs, consumables, communication costs and utilities, besides the cost of human resources employed in operations as well as management. In-transit Inventory  This kind of inventory would save company a lot transportation cost and help the transition process become less time-consuming.
For example, if the company request a particular raw material from overseas market. Purchase in bulk will save them a lot transportation cost from overseas shipment fees.
Inventory Costs - Ordering Cost, Carrying Cost and Stock Out Cost
Dead Inventory Dead inventory or dead stock is consisting of different kinds of products that was outdated or only a few consumer requests this kind of product. So manager pulled them from store shelves. To reduce costs of holding this kinds of products, company could hold discount events or imply price reduction to attraction consumers attentions.
Base the number of stocks on the situation of Economics: The number of stocks should be changed with consumers demand, the situation of the industry also the exchange rate of the currency.
Improve the layout of warehouse: Instead of renting a new place, the manager might consider about the idea of rearrange the layout of the warehouse that they owned. To improve the layout the company could either increase the reception area or apply segmentation. Build long-term agreements with suppliers: This will become a win-win situation. Also the supplier might be willing to decrease the time period of delivery their products to the warehouse, for example from once a month to once a week.