The relationship between sociology and social Sciences
The relationship between sociology and other social sciences. Sociology can be defined as the science that deals with human relationship. It is the study of how. Sociology is the scientific study of the structure and changes of human groups in relation to their members and other groups. Sociology is not. The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences! Sociology is a science of society. As a social science it attempts to study social life as a whole. But for.
Sociology and Political Science: Sociology and political science have been very closely related to each other till recently. The two subjects have even now much in common. Political science is a branch of social science dealing with the principles of organisation and government of human society.
In other words, Political Science deals with the social groups organised under the sovereign of the state. It is rightly said that without the sociological background the study of political science will be incomplete. The forms of government, the nature of governmental organs, the laws and sphere of the state activity are determined by the social process. The special study of political life of the society is indispensable for the complete study of the society as a whole.
According to Comte and Spencer, there is no difference whatsoever between the two. Catlin has remarked that political science and sociology are two facets or aspects of the same figure. In the opinion of F. Eminent sociologists like Durkheim, Malinowski, Parsons, Spencer, Mertons, Max Weber and Leryhaix made important contributions in the field of political science.
Political Sociology is an inter-disciplinary science which seeks to combine sociological and political approaches. The two subjects are, however, different from each other. The scope of Sociology is much wider than that of Political Science. Political Science studies the state and government only, whereas sociology studies all the social institutions.
Sociology being the science of society it deals with man in all his associated processes, while Political Science being the science of the political society is concerned with only one form of human association. Political science is a special science. Political organisation is a special kind of social organisation and that is why political science is a special science while sociology is a general science. Political Science deals with organised communities only.
Sociology deals with both organised and unorganised communities whereas Political Science is concerned only with organised communities. As such sociology is prior to Political Science. Unlike Political Science which treats only conscious activities of man, sociology treats unconscious activities of man also.
Political Science starts with the assumption that man is a political being; sociology goes behind this assumption and tries to explain how and why man became a political being. Sociology and Anthropology lie so close together that they often appear as two names for the same field of enquiry. Thus according to its etymological meaning, Anthropology is the study of man as such that is a study of the development of human race.
Anthropology has thus a very wide field of study. Anthropology has been divided into three divisions: Anthropology thus devotes its attention entirely to the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past. Sociology, on the other hand, studies the same phenomena as they exist at present. In fact the historical part of Sociology is identical with Cultural Anthropology. Anthropology has contributed substantially to the study of Sociology.
Sociology has to depend upon Anthropology to understand the present day social phenomena from our knowledge of the past.
- Relationship of sociology with other social sciences
- The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
Sociology has borrowed cultural area, cultural traits, interdependent traits, cultural lag and other conceptions from social anthropology on whose basis cultural sociology has developed. The discoveries of Linton and Kardiner have influenced sociology in no small degree. From their researches it is evident that each society has its own culture and the personality of its members is moulded according to it in their infancy. Likewise the research done by Malinowski has proved valuable to sociology.
He has given a functional view point to the study of culture. The researches of Franz Boas and Otto Kineberg have proved that there is no co-relation between anatomical characteristics and mental superiority.
The concept of racial superiority has been disproved by anthropology. Karoeber has called sociology and anthropology twin sisters. Evans Pritchard considers social anthropology to be a branch of sociology. In the same way, some of the conclusions drawn by sociologists have also helped the anthropologists. For example, anthropologists like Morgan and his followers have come to the conclusion regarding the existence of primitive communism from the conception of private property in our modern society.
Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
It studies its political and legal problems, family organisation, religion, art, industries and occupations etc. Sociology studies only its particular aspects. The focus of sociologist is social interaction. Secondly, Anthropology studies cultures which are small and static while Sociology studies civilizations which are vast and dynamic. Thirdly, Anthropology and Sociology are separate sciences as the former is the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past; while the latter studies the same phenomena as they are at present.
It does not make any suggestions for the future. The fact that society is influenced by economic factors while economic processes are largely determined by the social environments clearly proves that the relation between Sociology and Economics is very intimate. Economics is defined as a study of mankind in ordinary business of life or to be more exact, it is the science of wealth in its three phases of production, distribution and consumption. It is thus concerned with that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with use of material requisites of well being.
Relationship of sociology with other social sciences
Economics, in other words, is concerned with material welfare of the human beings. But economic welfare is only a part of human welfare and it can be sought only with the proper knowledge of social laws. Economics cannot go far ahead without the help of sociology and other social sciences.
For instance, in order to solve economic problems of unemployment, poverty, business cycle or inflation an economist has to take into consideration the social phenomena existing at the particular time. Sociology is thus of considerable help to economics in providing specific data into which economic generalisations may be fitted. Economic and social order is inextricably interwoven.
Many of the problems of sociology and economics are common. The problems of population growth, environmental pollution, slum clearance, child and family welfare, and urbanisation are as much economic as sociological which cannot be solved unless and until the social attitudes of the people are given due consideration.
The theories of socialism, communism, democracy and welfare state are nothing but the theories of social reorganisation. Economic forces play a very important role in every aspect of our social life. It is for this reason that sociologists have been concerned with economic institutions. The earliest sociologists like Spencer have included the economic activity of man in their analysis of social relationships.
Sumner, Durkheim and Weber also approached the study of society through its economic institutions. Sunday, 6 October Relationship of Sociology and other Social sciences Sociology is one of a group of social sciences, which also includes anthropology, economics, political science and history.
The divisions among the various social sciences are not clear cut, and all share a certain range of common interests, concepts and methods.Relationship of sociology with other social science
It is therefore very important to understand that the distinctions of the disciplines are to some extent arbitrary and should not be seen in a straitjacket fashion. To differentiate the social sciences would be to exaggerate the differences and gloss over the similarities. Furthermore feminist theories have also shown the greater need of interdisciplinary approach. For instance how would a political scientist or economist study gender roles and their implications for politics or the economy without a sociology of the family or gender division of labour.
Sociology and Economics Economics is the study of production and distribution of goods and services. The classical economic approach dealt almost exclusively with the interrelations of pure economic variables: Economists who are influenced by a political economy approach seek to understand economic activity in a broader framework of ownership of and relationship to means of production.
The objective of the dominant trend in economic analysis was however to formulate precise laws of economic behaviour. The sociological approach looks at economic behaviour in a broader context of social norms, values, practices and interests. The corporate sector managers are aware of this.
The large investment in the advertisement industry is directly linked to the need to reshape lifestyles and consumption patterns. Trends within economics such as feminist economics seek to broaden the focus, drawing in gender as a central organising principle of society. For instance they would look at how work in the home is linked to productivity outside. The defined scope of economics has helped in facilitating its development as a highly focused, coherent discipline. Sociologists often envy the economists for the precision of their terminology and the exactness of their measures.
And the ability to translate the results of their theoretical work into practical suggestions having major implications for public policy. A true economic science would look at all the costs of the economy-not only at the costs that corporations are concerned with, but also at crimes, suicides, and so on.
We need to put forward an economics of happiness, which would take note of all the profits, individual and collective, material and symbolic, associated with activity such as securityand also the material and symbolic costs associated with inactivity or precarious employment for example consumption of medicines: France holds the world record for the use of tranquiliserscited in Swedberg Sociology unlike economics usually does not provide technical solutions.
But it encourages a questioning and critical perspective. This helps questioning of basic assumptions. And thereby facilitates a discussion of not just the technical means towards a given goal, but also about the social desirability of a goal itself. Recent trends have seen a resurgence of economic sociology perhaps because of both this wider and critical perspective of sociology.
Sociology provides clearer or more adequate understanding of a social situation than existed before. This can be either on the level of factual knowledge, or through gaining an improved grasp of why something is happening in other words, by means of theoretical understanding. Sociology and economics both study industry but do so differently. Economics would study economic factors of industry, productivity, labour, industrial policy, marketing, etc. Sociology is interested in interaction between the economic institutions and other institutions in society, namely, political and religious.
Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
Social life, in modern times, is very complex and no discipline by itself can study all of it in depth. Only some social sciences have been discussed so as to give a feel of relationships among social sciences. Sociology and Political Science As in the case of economics, there is an increased interaction of methods and approaches between sociology and political science. Conventional political science was focused primarily on two elements: Today the interests of political scientists study the voting behavior and public opinion formation on which they depend much on sociologists.
History Some historians claim that history is a series of unique events which can only be described separately and which never form patterns or trends.
They see history as part of humanities rather than as a social science. Other historians provide comparisons across time or record, disappearing styles of life, they resemble sociologists who study the past. Few historians borrow sociological methods for analyzing numerical data and some sociologists include historical background in their studies of communities, class structures or organizational change. Psychology It explores both biological and the social origins of human behavior. Physiological psychology considers the physical processes that underlie thinking, feeling and perceiving.
Social psychology focuses on what happens inside individuals, including personality development and how they are influenced by the groups, societies and cultures they belong. Social psychology is then well established in both psychology and sociology departments. Social work It is concerned with helping people who have problems.