Timeline of tensions between Iran and the United States - Telegraph
The troubled history of America's relations with Iran. - The Shah's pro-Axis allegiance in World War II leads to the - US imposes oil and trade sanctions over Iran's alleged sponsorship. Since cutting ties in , U.S.-Iran dialogue has been sparse and largely fruitless.
Clinton administration embargo A total embargo on dealings with Iran by American companies was imposed by Bill Clinton. The president warned that the proliferation of long-range missiles developed by these countries constituted terrorism and threatened the United States.
TIMELINE-U.S.-Iran relations from 1953 coup to 2016 sanctions relief
Uranium development Iranian opposition group reveals that Iran is developing nuclear facilities including a uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and a heavy water reactor at Arak. The US accuses Iran of a clandestine nuclear weapons programme, which Iran denies.
Ahmadinejad becomes president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad voted to become Iran's president Ahmadinejad reaches out to President Bush Ahmadinejad sent a personal letter to President Bush to propose "new ways" to end Iran's nuclear dispute. Both Condoleezza Rice and National Security Adviser Stephen Hadley dismissed it as a negotiating ploy and publicity stunt that did not address American concerns about Iran's nuclear program.
Financial sanctions US government imposed sanctions on Bank Saderat Iran barring it from direct or indirect dealings with American financial institutions due to its reported connections with Hizbollah. Some analysts argue that the transformation may have been too rapid, fueling unrest and discontent among an important part of the population in the country and leading to the Revolution in According to American officials, most of those were released in as part of the deal to release the hostages.
Iran–United States relations - Wikipedia
Commercial relations between Iran and the United States are restricted by American sanctions and consist mainly of Iranian purchases of food, spare parts, and medical products as well as American purchases of carpets and food.
Sanctions originally imposed in by President Bill Clinton were renewed by President Bush, who cited the "unusual and extraordinary threat" to American national security posed by Iran. The executive orders prohibit American companies and their foreign subsidiaries from conducting business with Iran, while banning any "contract for the financing of the development of petroleum resources located in Iran". The ILSA was renewed for five more years in Congressional bills signed in extended and added provisions to the act; on September 30,the act was renamed the Iran Sanctions Act ISAas it no longer applied to Libya, and extended until December 31, Reagan administration[ edit ] See also: United States support for Iraq during the Iran—Iraq war American intelligence and logistical support played a crucial role in arming Iraq in the Iran—Iraq Waralthough Bob Woodward states that the United States gave information to both sides, hoping "to engineer a stalemate".
Bush authorized the sale to Iraq of numerous dual-use items, including poisonous chemicals and deadly biological viruses, such as anthrax and bubonic plague. Hezbollah bombings[ edit ] The United States contends that Hezbollaha Shi'ite Islamist organization and client of Iran, has been involved in several anti-American terrorist attacks, including the April United States Embassy bombing which killed 17 Americans, the Beirut barracks bombing which killed US peace keepers in Lebanonand the Khobar Towers bombing.
An American district court judge ruled in that the April United States Embassy bombing was carried out with Iranian support. Lamberth declared that the Islamic Republic of Iran was responsible for the attack in a case brought by the victims' families. Lamberth concluded that Hezbollah was formed under the auspices of the Iranian government, was completely reliant on Iran inand assisted Iranian Ministry of Information and Security agents in carrying out the operation.
Anti-communist purge[ edit ] According to the Tower Commission report: Inthe U. Using this information, the Khomeini government took measures, including mass executions, that virtually eliminated the pro-Soviet infrastructure in Iran.
Timeline of tensions between Iran and the United States
Iran—Contra affair In violation of an arms embargo, officials of President Ronald Reagan's administration arranged in the mids to sell armaments to Iran in an attempt to improve relations with Iran and obtain their influence in the release of hostages held in Lebanon. Oliver North of the National Security Council then diverted proceeds from the arms sale to fund Contra rebels attempting to overthrow the left wing government of Nicaraguawhich was in direct violation of the United States Congress ' Boland Amendment.
Iran lost one major warship and a smaller gunboat. Damage to the oil platforms was eventually repaired. The court dismissed the claim but noted that "the actions of the United States of America against Iranian oil platforms on October 19, Operation Nimble Archer and April 18, Operation Praying Mantis cannot be justified as measures necessary to protect the essential security interests of the United States of America.
Iran Air Flight [ edit ] Main article: Iran Air Flight George H. Bush said that he would "never apologize for the United States of America. I don't care what the facts are. The United States initially contended that flight was a warplane and then said that it was outside the civilian air corridor and did not respond to radio calls. Both statements were untrue, and the radio calls were made on military frequencies to which the airliner did not have access.
Iran refused to accept the idea of mistaken identification, arguing that this constituted gross negligence and recklessness amounting to an international crime, because the aircraft was not on a trajectory that threatened the Vincennes and had not aimed radar at it. Ahmadinejad says Iran has a right to peaceful nuclear technology August-September - Tehran says it has resumed uranium conversion at its Isfahan plant and insists the programme is for peaceful purposes.
Iran says it will retaliate against any attack and complains to the UN. Iran announces it has successfully enriched uranium - prompting Ms Rice to demand "strong steps" by the UN. Mr Ahmadinejad insists the pursuit of peaceful nuclear technology is Iran's "absolute right". Tehran offers to hold direct talks with Washington on the situation in Iraq, in what would have been the first such talks since Tehran later withdraws the offer.
In response, Iran's parliament threatens to pull out of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty if pressure over its nuclear programme increases. Later that month, the US offers to join EU nations in direct talks with Iran if it agreed to suspend uranium enrichment and reprocessing work.
He said they had been "engaged in sectarian warfare". This is rebuffed by President Ahmadinejad in an interview with an American television station. He dismisses the claims as an "excuses to prolong the stay" of US forces. The talks are the first formal encounter between the two sides for more than two years. Iraq's security was the only item on the agenda at the event in Baghdad, hosted by the Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki.
He dismissed talk of military action in Iran as "hype" and urged people not to forget the lessons of war in Iraq. The new measures target the finances of Iran's Islamic Revolution Guards Corps and three state-owned banks.
But Iran's President Ahmadinejad says the report showed Iran had been truthful about its nuclear activities - and the US and its allies should apologise for their treatment of Iran. The National Intelligence Estimate assessment said Tehran was, however, continuing to enrich uranium.