Trade and economic relations between China and Uzbekistan are This move of Uzbekistan gave a blow to its relationship with Russia, which. Tashkent, INP (in Russian) Lieth H () Mathematical modelling for ecosystem analysis. flux through the biosphere and its relation to climatic and soil parameters. 3rd Congress of Geography Unity of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, (in Russian) Tashkent, pp (in Russian) Nasrulin AB () Complex experience in. Central Asia through the Lens of the Regional Security Complex Theory . The relations among Central Asian countries and between them and the Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan successfully opposed the Russian proposal to Language & Literature · Law · Mathematics & Statistics · Medicine, Dentistry.
From September 1 of this year, wages of school managers and teaching staff, the number of which is over thousand, have been raised.
A system has been introduced for granting preferential loans to employees of public education for purchasing houses, land, household appliances, livestock and cars. A special state award for teachers has been established.
The practice of attracting them to other jobs, conducting unreasonable inspections in schools was discontinued. As a result of these measures, in the current year the system of public education was replenished with 16 thousand young personnel with higher education. Almost 13 thousand male teachers returned to schools.
At the meeting, the President noted that the field faces many challenges, the level of providing schools with textbooks, quality of curricula, work on increasing knowledge and skills of teachers, eliminating staff shortage, expanding opportunities for learning foreign languages still does not meet the requirements.
Necessary measures in this direction were discussed. It was noted that at present the level of knowledge and qualification of school teachers in general does not meet the requirements. The number of teachers of the highest category is only 11 thousand. The real need for additional teaching staff exceeds 3 thousand people.
In particular, there are not enough teachers of English, Russian language and literature, primary classes, computer science, and mathematics. In this regard, the Ministry of Public Education, the Center for Secondary Special and Vocational Education, the Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations have been instructed to develop comprehensive measures for filling vacancies, supporting, encouraging and raising the qualifications of teachers ready to work in remote areas.
Issue of improving the quality of educational and methodical literature and textbooks is also relevant. Two months have passed since the beginning of the school year, despite this the schools have not received 33 thousand textbooks for the 3rd, 5th, and 8th grades. Unfortunately, mistakes are often made in textbooks. On this basis, instructions were given on ensuring the solution of issues in this direction. After the transition of schools to year education, the number of students increased by 1 million.
Currently, school branches do not have their own buildings, student enrollment ratio is exceeded in 55 branches. Construction and repair work envisaged by the investment program should be completed in 35 schools as soon as possible. It is required to deliver to schools more than 5 thousand units of teaching and laboratory equipment in physics, chemistry and biology, 43 thousand sets of educational furniture. The President noted the need for speedy completion of construction and repair work in schools, equipping them with centralized investment funds.
Instructions were given taking into account the needs of the regions on the transfer of vacant buildings of colleges and lyceums under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Public Education before the end of this year, as well as on transforming local schools into full-fledged schools by January 1,providing schools with buses. The unsatisfactory state of work on organization of training-industrial complexes and their equipment for vocational training of 10th and 11th grade students was noted.
On the average in the country, 23 students study in one class, in the city of Tashkent and regional centers — 40 children.
Consulate-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Bangkok
Uzbekistan has 13 students for each teacher, and in developed countries this figure does not exceed It is necessary to reduce the number of students in one class, as well as their weekly study load by at least percent, the Head of the state said. The level of implementation of information technologies in general education schools cannot be called up-to-date. So, in some of them, obsolete programming languages are still taught in computer science, computer equipment has become unusable.
Experts believed that in this situation Uzbekistan would turn first to neighboring countries such as Iran and Turkey. Although the cultural kinship and proximity of those countries has encouraged closer relations, Uzbekistan also has shown eagerness to work with a range of partners to create a complex web of interrelationships that includes its immediate Central Asian neighbors, Russia and other nations of the CIS, and the immediate Middle Eastern world, with the goal of becoming an integral part of the international community on its own terms.
The significance of the Russian economy for Uzbek economic development is clear even after more than 23 years since the break-up of the U. The Russian-Central Asian trade was estimated at 7 billion dollars in However, Russia historically relies mainly on Uzbek cotton for its textile industry. In addition to cotton, Uzbekistan exports cars, textiles, and food products to Russia and imports industrial equipment, timber, and other construction materials.
To expand its economic role in Uzbekistan Russia is also actively participating in privatization process and the development of the oil and gas extraction.
Former President of Uzbekistan, late Islam Karimov, paid nine official visits to China during his tenure Several high-level visits were also carried out by successive Chinese Presidents. After his accession to power, President Xi Jinping visited Uzbekistan twice, in and in June vi.
This trip was reciprocated by President Jinping through visit to Tashkent, when 31 agreements were penned down to implement projects worth USD 15 billionvii. The tour kicked off from Bukhara, historical city which played significant role in the Silk Road trade. During the visit, Jinping and Karimov inaugurated China-sponsored Kamchiqrailway tunnel that connects Tashkent with the Fergana Valley. On 22 JuneJinping addressed the Oily Majlis, marking the first address by a foreign leader to the Uzbek Parliament.
The edifice of China-Uzbekistan strategic partnership is built on the pillar of mutual political understanding. China stood by the Uzbek regime during the Andijan Incidencewhich was criticized by the US and the West in terms of human rights violations. This event led to China and Uzbekistan coming closer to each other.
China and Uzbekistan have enhanced coordination in the regional and international issues. China is also worried about these challenges, along with its own challenge of Uighur separatism. Moreover, China and CARs are concerned about the spillover effects from Afghanistan that may disturb the region. Therefore, China and CARs are cooperating in this regard at bilateral and multilateral levels.
The Shanghai Spirit of mutual cooperation and non-interference brought Russia and China together, along with the four of five CARs in SCO members have established coordination in defense cooperation, intelligence sharing and counter-terrorism activities.
SCO celebrated its 15th anniversary in Tashkent inand is now on the verge of first expansion since establishment. Two important countries of the region, India and Pakistan, are going to become the members of the SCO.
The proposed expansion of SCO will call for further cooperation from the member countries. However, in the near future, China is likely to continue to exert its supremacy in the SCO. Economically engaging with Uzbekistan is vital for China in three aspects, namely, trade, energy and transit. In last ten years, bilateral trade between the two increased ten times.
However, there is an imbalance in the types of goods which are exchanged in this trade. Uzbekistan is a major green-tea drinking nation, and import of Chinese tea is also on rise. On the other hand, tasty fruits produced in the Fergana Valley make their way into China.
ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP OF UZBEKISTAN WITH RUSSIA
Central Asia-China gas pipeline starts from Turkmenistan and transits through Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan before entering Chinese province of Xinjiang. Uzbekistan also exports large portion of its Uranium to China. According to an Uzbek news agency, over enterprises operate in Uzbekistan which have full or partial funding from the Chinese investorsxii.
The joint ventures are spread across various fields including energy cooperation, transport, communication, agriculture and education. The investment from China is seen in Uzbekistan as necessary for development. China and Uzbekistan have been part of the trans-continental trade and connectivity network, which is more than years old. Uzbekistan announced its support to the initiative immediately after its announcement in According to Uzbek experts, the project is beneficial for Uzbekistan for three reasons, viz.
In recent years, China and the CARs have experienced euphoria around the term Silk Road, which is partially triggered by state and media propaganda. In Uzbekistan also, re-glorification of Silk Road is welcomed with great enthusiasm among the people. The State and the people have took part in organizing academic conferences, consortiums, festivals in this arena.