Sarala Mahabharat: YUDHISTHIRA
As Draupadi offered him a boon, Bhima did exactly as he was advised by Krishna . In the end, barring Yudhisthira, the Pandava brothers and Krishna along with his clan . Personal relationship mattered a great lot to him. Draupadi is one of the most popular and controversial heroines of Hindu Arjuna does stumble in once while she is in the arms of Yudhishtira. While Yudhisthira and Bhima's relationship with Draupadi might be the Mahabharata: A Reader's Guide to the Education of the Dharma King.
Draupadi - Wikipedia
She bore each of her husbands a son. Before she moves to the next husband,Draupadi walks through fire to regain her virginity and purity.
Such rules were never placed before polygamous husbands. But Draupadi had a rule of her own for her husbands.
She makes it very clear to her husbands that they cannot bring any other wife into the same house. Thus all the Pandavas have other wives, but these wives stay with their parents and the Pandavas have to travel out of the city to visit their other wives in the four years that Draupadi is intimate with the other brothers. The only exception is made for Krishna's sister, Subhadra, who marries Arjuna.
In a dialogue with Krishna's wife, Satyabhama,Draupadi explains how she serves her husbands, satisfies their needs and makes herself indispensable, and loved. Draupadi comes across as a practical woman who knows she has to work to ensure all her husbands love her and do not feel she favours any one of them. Stories are told of how Draupadi came to have five husbands. Explanations are needed for a culture desperate to explain such a discomforting practice. One story goes that in her past life she was a sage's wife; her insatiable sexual appetite led him to curse her that in her next life she would have five husbands.
Another story tells us that she asked Shiva for a husband who was noble and strong, skilled with the bow, handsome and wise. Since no single man could possess all five traits, Shiva gave her five husbands, each with one trait.
Yet, This woman with five husbands is dragged into court and disrobed in public. She wonders why this happened to her. A folklore states that Krishna had sent the perfect husband for her - one who would love and protect her all her life and be faithful to her. His name was Karna, but she rejected him because of his low caste.
So, she ended up marrying a man who shared her with his brothers and failed to protect her when she needed him most. The writer is a mythologist. When he stepped on the apparently solid part of the courtyard, there was a splash and Duryodhana found himself waist deep in water, drenched from head to foot by the hidden pool.
Draupadi and her maids saw this from the balcony and were amused. Duryodhana felt extremely insulted that Draupadi and her maids saw his embarrassing predicament. Draupadi joked Andhasya Putra Andhaha meaning 'a blind man's son is blind'. This famous story does not feature in Veda Vyasa's Mahabharatha. The story of 'blind man's son is blind' was the figment of imagination of much later playwright. It gained immense popularity gradually, and was repeatedly depicted in various adaptations of the epic across the length and breadth of the country.
The most popular depiction was by B. Chopra in his masterpiece Mahabharata series that aired on Doordarshan in We find several references to blindness of the characters by eminent playwright Dharmveer Bharti, in his famous play 'Andha Yuga'.
The play was published inin Hindi weekly magazine, Dharma Yuga. In Vyasa's Sanskrit epic, the scene is quite different. In the Sanskrit epic, Draupadi is not mentioned in the scene at all, either laughing or insulting Duryodhana. Nonetheless, Duryodhana felt insulted by the behavior of the four Pandavas, stoking his hatred of them. Later on, he went back to Hastinapur, and expressed his immense agony on witnessing the riches of the Pandavas to his blind father, which was the root cause for inviting his cousins for the dice-game.
His main wish was to usurp the wealth of his cousins which they had accumulated on account of the Rajasuya Yajna. Known to few, during this conversation, Duryodhan mentions how he had observed Draupadi serving food to everyone, including physically challenged citizens as the Empress. He says to his father,"And, O king, Yajnaseni, without having eaten herself, daily seeth whether everybody, including even the deformed and the dwarfs, hath eaten or not.
It is here, where he fleetingly mentioned Draupadi's name, who accordingly to Duryodhan, had "joined in the laughter with other females.
This laughter of Draupadi's was later on singled out and romanticized by various poets and bards for years as a symbolic cause for the dice-game, and eventually the war. In Vyasa's Sanskrit epic, Draupadi's role in insulting Duryodhana is trivial compared to the exaggerated treatment it has received in popular adaptations. This key incident is often considered to mark a definitive moment in the story of Mahabharata. It is one of the driving reasons that ultimately led to the Kurukshetra war.
Together with his maternal uncle ShakuniDuryodhana conspired to call on the Pandavas to Hastinapur and win their kingdoms in a game of gambling.
There is a famous folklore that the plan's architect, Shakuni had magic dice that would never disobey his will, as they were made from the bones of Shakuni's father. This story however is non-existent in the Sanskrit epic. As the game proceeds, Yudhishthira loses everything at first. In the second round, Yudhishthira's brother Nakula is stake, and Yudhishthira loses him.
Yudhisthira subsequently gambles away Sahdev, Arjuna and Bheem. Finally, Yudhishthira puts himself at stake, and loses again. For Duryodhana, the humiliation of the Pandavas was not complete.Draupadi and Arjuna - The truth about their relationship.
He prods Yudhishthira that he has not lost everything yet; Yudhishthira still has Draupadi with him and if he wishes he can win everything back by putting Draupadi at stake.
Inebriated by the game, Yudhishthira, to the horror of everybody present, puts Draupadi up as a bet for the next round. Playing the next round, Shakuni wins. Draupadi was horrified after hearing that she was staked in the game and now is a slave for Duryodhana. Draupadi questions Yudhishthira's right on her as he had lost himself first and she was still the queen. Duryodhana, angry with Draupadi's questions, commands his younger brother Dushasana to bring her into the court, forcefully if he must.
Dushasana drags Draupadi to the court by the hair. Seeing this, Bheem pledges to remove Dushasana's hands, as they touched Draupadi's hair. Now in an emotional appeal to the elders present in the forum, Draupadi repeatedly questions the legality of the right of Yudhishthira to place her at stake. In order to provoke the Pandavas further, Duryodhana bares and pats his thigh looking into Draupadi's eyes, implying that she should sit on his thigh.
In rage Bhima vows in front of the entire assembly that he would break that thigh of Duryodhana, or accept being Duryodhana's slave for seven lifetimes. At this time Vikarnaa brother of Duryodhana asks the kings assembled in the court to answer the question of Draupadi.
He gives his opinion that Draupadi is not won rightfully as Yudhishthira lost himself first before staking her. Besides, no one has right to put a woman on bet according to shastras; not a husband, father, or even the gods.
Hearing these words, Karna gets angry and says that when Yudhishthira lost all his possession he also lost Draupadi, even specifically staking her. He orders Dushasana to take away the rich garments of Pandavas and Draupadi. A miracle occurs henceforward, which is popularly attributed to Krishna. Dushasana unwraps layers and layers of her sari. As her sari keeps getting extended, everyone looks upon in awe, and Dushasana himself is forced to stop due to exhaustion.
This vow unsettles the entire court. The only Kauravas who object to the disrobing of Draupadi in the court are Vikarna and Vidura. Vidura openly calls Duryodhana a snake and a demon, but after finding no support even from his own brother, Vidura is helpless. At his sacrifice, Yudhishthira chose Krishna as his honoured guest. He lost his kingdom, his brothers and Draupadi. While playing for second time, he lost all his kingdom in the game and was forced into exile for 13 years, which included one year in anonymity.
Yaksha Prashna Yudhisthira answering the questions of Yaksha During their exile, the four other Pandavas happened upon a lake, which was haunted by a Yaksha. The Yaksha challenged the brothers to answer his moral questions before drinking the water; the four Pandavas laughed and drank the water anyway. As a result, they choked on the water and died. Yudhishthira went in last, answered many questions put forth to him by the Yaksha and revived his brothers.
Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna and Draupadi
This story is often cited as an example of Yudhishthira's upright principles. Along with his brothers, Yudhishthira spent his last year of exile in the kingdom of Matsya.
He disguised himself as a Brahmin named Kank among themselves Pandavas called him Jaya and taught the game of dice to the king. Yudhishthira made numerous diplomatic efforts to retrieve his kingdom peacefully but in vain.
He was convinced by Krishna to wage war. The flag of Yudhishthira's chariot bore the image of a golden moon with planets around it. Two large and beautiful kettle-drums, called Nanda and Upananda, were tied to it. Bhima killed elephant Ashwathama and Yudhisthira told Drona about death of Drona 's son Ashwathama Yudhishthira had to bend numerous rules of Dharma during the course of the war.
Krishna made him trick Drona about the news of the death of Ashwathama. Yudhishthira also had to slay a number of warriors, including his own uncle, Shalya in a spear fight and his another uncle, Shalya's younger brother he killed them both on the 18th day of the war when Shalya was the commander-in-chief. He performed Ashwamedha Yagya on Krishna 's insistence and established Bharat Varsh as one country under his rule.