British Israelism (also called Anglo-Israelism) is a doctrine based on the hypothesis that people of Western European and Northern European descent are the. Anglo-Israelism (also called British Israelism) is a pseudoscientific and pseudohistorical doctrine held by certain Christians based on the. A ranking authority on Anglo-Israelism is Professor E. Odlum, M.A., , F.R.C., Inst., etc. He is author of an unusual book in defense of the Anglo-Israel theory.
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British Israelism also called Anglo-Israelism is a doctrine based on the hypothesis that people of Western European and Northern European descent are the direct lineal descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of the ancient Israelitesparticularly in Great Britain. The doctrine often includes the tenet that the British Royal Family is directly descended from the line of King David.
Various British Israelite organisations were set up throughout the British Empire and in America from the s; a small number of such organisations snglo still active today. The central tenets of British Israelism have been refuted by evidence from modern geneticlinguisticarchaeologicaland philological research.
British Israelism arose in England, then spread to the United States.
Gawler published Our Scythian Ancestors which is considered an influential text to the British Israel movement. The extent to which the clergy in Britain became aware of the movement may be gauged from the comment made by Cardinal John Henry Newman — when asked why he had left the Church of England in to join the Roman Catholic Church. He said that there was a very real danger that the movement “would take over the Church of England.
In Russia, controversial self-declared Zionist priest Hippolytus Lutostansky claimed that British people were of Jewish origin. During the s, the “Anglo-Israel Association” had members; it was based in Britain and founded in by physician George Moore. Between andadherents of British Israelism dug up parts of the Hill of Tara in the belief that the Ark of the Covenant was buried there, doing much damage to one of Ireland ‘s most ancient royal and archaeological sites.
William Pascoe Goard was the first director of the publishing house. Due to the expansive nature of the British Empirebelievers in British Israelism spread worldwide and the BIWF expanded its organization to the commonwealth. More recently, it has been renamed Destiny. The theory of British Israelism was vigorously promoted beginning in the s by Herbert W.
Armstrong believed that the theory was a key to understanding biblical prophecy: Indeed they were—until now! And even now they can be understood only by those who possess the master key to unlock them. Armstrong created his own church, first called the “Radio Church of God” and later renamed the ” Worldwide Church of God “. It offers an explanation for the doctrine’s origin and its abandonment by the church at its official website.
Armstrong promoted other genealogical history theories, such as teaching that modern-day Germany now represents ancient Assyria. He wrote in chapter 5 of his Mystery of the Ages”The Assyrians settled in central Europe, and the Germans, undoubtedly, are, in part, the descendants of the ancient Assyrians. The late Professor Roger Rusk —94brother of former U.
He was a public school teacher for 13 years. After completing his doctorate in physics, he was a professor at the University of Tennessee for 28 years, where he became Emeritus Professor of Physics. Inone source estimated that there were between 3, and 5, British Israelites in Britain. The latter church does not hold to the British-Israel doctrine. The Revival Centres International continues to teach the doctrine, a prominent group that separated from the Crusade, along with other splinter groups.
The “Churches of God” in Ireland are also known for their teaching on this subject. A variant of British Israelism formed the basis for a racialized theology and became known as Christian Identitywhich has at its core the belief that non-Caucasian people have no souls and therefore cannot be saved.
The key component of British Israelism is its representation of the migrations of the Lost Tribes of Israel. Raymond Capt claimed that there were similarities between King Jehu ‘s pointed headdress and that of the captive Saka king seen to the far right on the Behistun Inscription.
Late 19th-century Celtic language scholar John Rhys stated that.
Rhys argued that both Celts and Scythians came from an area south-east of the Black Sea and migrated westward to the coast of Europe. He compared the Welsh autonym Cymru with the name of the Cimmerians Kumri. He believed that the names Iberia for Spain and Hibernia for Ireland were connected to a variation of “Hebrew” and that this was evidenced in philology. British Israelism asserts theologically related claims of a genetic link to the early Israelites.
As such, it is based on a genealogical construct. This belief is typically confined to the geo-political status or the prophetical identity of the nation, not to the individual’s superiority or salvation status with God.
Due to the diverse structure of the movement, other elements of its belief and its key doctrines may be embraced by individual adherents. British Israel theology varies from the conventionally Protestant Christian. More extreme forms include the Christian Identity Movement, which has some historic roots in British-Israelism. Most British Israel movements believe that personal, individual salvation is open to all people. Human genetics does not support British Israelism’s notion of a close lineal link between Jews and Western Europeans.
Genetic research on the Y-chromosomes of Jews has found that Jews are closely related to other populations originating in the Middle Eastsuch as KurdsArmeniansand Arabsand concluded that:. One study concluded that “the combined results suggest that a major portion of NRY biallelic diversity present in most of the contemporary Jewish communities surveyed here traces to a common Middle Eastern source population several thousand years ago.
The implication is that this source population included a large number of distinct paternal and maternal lineages, reflecting genetic variation established in the Middle East at that time. In turn, this source diversity has been maintained within Jewish communities, despite numerous migrations during the Diaspora and long-term residence as isolated subpopulations in numerous geographic locations outside of the Middle East.
Critics of British Israelism note that the arguments presented by promoters of the theory are based on unsubstantiated and highly speculative amateur research.
Tudor Parfittauthor of The Lost Tribes: The History of a Mythstates that the proof cited by adherents of British Israelism is “of a feeble composition even by the low standards of the genre. Proponents of British Israelism claim numerous links in historical linguistics between ancient Hebrew and various European place names and languages.
This word has different rootsand this interpretation of the Hebrew is incorrect. Secular sources indicate that the true root of this phrase is the “People of the Goddess Danu”. Other links are claimed, but they cannot be substantiated and they contradict the findings of academic linguistic research.
This shows conclusively that the languages of the British Isles EnglishWelshand Gaelic belong to the Indo-European language family and are unrelated to Hebrew, which is a Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family. Adherents of British Israelism cite various scriptures in support of the argument that the “lost” Northern Israelite Tribes migrated through Europe to end up in Britain.
Critics argue that British Israelists misunderstand and misinterpret the meaning of these scriptures. They believe that the Bible consistently distinguishes between the two groups.
Critics disagree with this assertion and argue that only higher ranking Israelites were deported from Israel and many Israelites remained. British Israelism rests on linking different ancient populations.
This includes linking the “lost” tribes of Israel with the Scythians, Cimmerians, Celts, and modern Western Europeans such as the British. To support these links, adherents claim that similarities exist between various cultural aspects of these population groups, isdaelism they argue that these links demonstrate the migration of the “lost” Israelites in a westerly direction.
Examples given include burial customs, metalwork, clothing, dietary customs, and more.
It does not provide support for the purported links. Parfitt suggests that the idea of British Israelism was inspired by numerous ideological factors, such as the desire for ordinary people to have a glorious ancestral past, pride in the British Empire, and the belief in the “racial superiority of white Anglo-Saxon Protestants “. An book advocating British Israelism.
According to the doctrine, the Lost Ten tribes of Israel found their way to Western Europe and Britain, becoming agnlo of the British and related peoples. Orange Street Congregational Church, London. A Genetic History of the Jewish People. Someone had to say it.
The English people are the lost tribes of Israel. The lion of Judah became the emblem of England and the harp of David is to istaelism day the emblem of Ireland.
But not only are the English Kings direct descendants of the Jewish Kings, they even sit on the throne of David, on which all Jewish Kings used to be crowned. The throne isaelism made of the rock on which Jacob slept when he dreamed of the ladder and when God promised him a kingdom.
That rock was brought by the prophet Jeremiah to Ireland, whence it was removed first to Scotland and then to London.
Their type is the same, their manner of speech the same, and; above all, the fundamental trait of issraelism nations is trading. Then, the great respect of the English people for the Bible betrays their kinship to the ancient Israelites. Pyramids, Lost Tribes and Alternative Archaeologies”.
The United States and Britain in Prophecy. A history of the doctrine from John Wilson to Joseph W.
Anglo-Israelism Commentary – A Testimony of Jesus Christ
Tkachretrieved July 19, Retrieved 24 August The Aryan Naglo Bloodline Religion. The New York Times. History of the English Language. Ulster museum of Creationism”The GuardianMay 26,