Apolonio y su tiempo. Período helenístico ( a. C). Poesía épica durante la época helenística. Importancia de las Argonáuticas. Las Argonauticas by de Rodas Apolonio, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Apolonio De Rodas. Published by RBA Libros. ISBN / ISBN Price: US$ Convert Currency. Shipping: US$
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The only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica tells the myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from remote Colchis. It was the age of the great Library of Alexandriaand his epic incorporates his researches in geography, ethnography, comparative religion, and Homeric literature.
According to some accounts, a hostile reception even led to his exile to Rhodes. The literary fashion was for small, meticulous poems, featuring displays of erudition and paradoxography argonautics account of marvels and odditiesas represented by the work of Arfonauticas.
In adapting the epic genre to this audience, Apollonius went a long way towards inventing the romance novel including narrative techniques like the “interior monologue”, whereby the author identifies with a character’s thoughts and feelings.
Scholars that row against apolonoi current feel as if they are sailing through the Clashing Rocks; they have barely struggled halfway through one wave and there rolls the next one tossing them backwards twice as far as they had progressed Even if the attempt to pass through the clashing mountain of books succeeds, there is no hope of a pause and scholars find themselves in the grip of a debilitating Ancient Greek: Since scholarship is a key feature of this agronauticas story, here is a preview of some of the main issues in the poet’s treatment of the Argonaut myth, as addressed by recent scholarship.
There is some dispute about the date when the poem was originally published. Apollonius’ Argonautica was based on multiple ancient sources, including Homer and Pindar. The story of apolinio expedition seems to have been known to the author of the Odyssey xii. Jason is mentioned several times in the Iliad vii. The first trace of ragonauticas common tradition that Jason was sent to fetch the golden fleece from Aeathe city of Aeetesin the eastern boundaries of the earth, occurs in Mimnermus ap.
The poem begins with an invocation to Apollo and briefly recounts his prophetic warning to Peliasking of Iolcusthat his downfall will be the work of a man with only one sandal.
Jason rodaw recently emerged as the man in question, having lost a sandal while crossing a swollen stream. Consequently, Pelias has entrusted him with a suicidal mission to Colchis to bring back the Golden Fleece. A ship, the Argohas already been constructed by Argusa shipwright working under Athena ‘s instructions. Argonauyicas, a band of heroes has arrived to help in the venture. His mother fears the aronauticas.
He bids her to stay strong and calm. Jason urges the heroes to elect a leader for the voyage. They all nominate Heracles Hercules. Heracles however insists on Jason as leader and the others submit to this choice.
Rejoicing in his election, Jason orders the crew to argonaugicas the ship down to the water. The Argo is then moored for the night so that they can enjoy a farewell feast. Two bulls are sacrificed to Apollo, wine flows and conversation becomes animated.
Jason however becomes withdrawn and glum. Alolonio of the heroes, Idasaccuses him of cowardice; the prophet Idmon in turn accuses Idas of drunken vainglory.
Rodqs fight almost breaks out but Orpheus soothes everyone with a song about the cosmos and how the gods and all things were created. At dawn, Tiphysthe ship’s pilot, rouses the crew. The ship argonautucas calls to them, since its keel includes a magical beam of Dodonian oak. The shore cables are loosed. Jason sheds a tear as they pull away from his home, Iolcus.
The oars churn up the sea, wielded by heroic hands in time to Orpheus’s stirring music. Soon the eastern coast of Thessaly is left behind. The first major port they reach is Lemnoswhere the women, led by their Queen Hypsipylehave recently murdered all their menfolk, including husbands, sons, brothers and fathers.
Jason, as leader, is summoned and he goes to town wrapped in a magnificent cloak made for him by Athena. Hypsipyle falls in love on the spot and he settles into the palace. Thus the voyage is arggonauticas day after day. Finally Heracles assembles all the Argonauts for a strong talk.
He tells them that they are not behaving like heroes and the Golden Fleece won’t bring itself back to Greece.
Thus chastised, they immediately prepare to leave. Jason tells the queen to entrust their son to his parents, if she bears him one.
He is the first back on board when the Argo sets sail again. Their neighbours are the Doliones, a civilized people descended from Poseidon. The savages are hostile but the Argonauts receive a friendly welcome from Cyzicusthe newly wed king of the Doliones, about Jason’s age.
However, the Argonauts and Doliones end up fighting each other in the dark, mistaking one another for enemies.
Cyzicus is killed by Jason. His widow Cleite hangs herself in despair. Shared grief and a magnificent funeral reconcile the two sides. Meanwhile, the Argonauts are kept there by adverse winds. Heracles and his comrade Polyphemus are still searching for him when the rest of the Argonauts set sail again. When at last the absences are noticed, Telamon accuses Jason of leaving Heracles behind on purpose.
Just then the sea divinity Glaucus emerges from the depths, assuring them that the loss of their three crewmen is the work of the gods. He vanishes back into the water and they continue the voyage without their three comrades. The Argonauts reach a gulf in the Propontis, home to the Bebrycianswhose king Amycus demands a boxing match with the champion of these “sea-wanderers” Ancient Greek: He does this with all travellers and he doesn’t even ask who they are.
Angered by such disrespect, Polydeukes volunteers and the fight begins. Amycus is a man-mountain but the young Argonaut is skilled with his fists and eventually lands a lethal blow. The Bebrycians rush on the victor, weapons drawn, but they are intercepted and chased off by his rampant crewmates. Some sheep are herded on board and the Argo leaves the following day.
Their next stop is on the opposite coast, near the home of Phineusonce a king of the Thynians. He too doesn’t ask who these travellers are. His powers of prophesy are so great that Zeus has punished him for giving away divine secrets, afflicting him with extreme old age, blindness and daily visits from the harpies. Jason and the Argonauts are destined to rescue him from the harpies and thus he welcomes them as his deliverers, Zetes and Calaissons of the north wind, duly chase the pests away, and the blind old man gratefully reveals the safest route to Colchis and how best to sail past the Clashing Rocks.
Passing through the Clashing Rocks thanks to the advice of Phineus, the pilot skills of Tiphys and the aid of Athenathey enter the Black Sea and arrive at a deserted island, Thynias, where they observe Apollo flying overhead on his way north to visit the Hyperboreans. The island shakes with his passing. There they build an altar and a shrine lasting memorials of their voyage. Next stop is an outlet of the river Acheronone of the entries to Hadeswhere they meet Lycusking of the Mariandynians and an enemy to the now defunct king of the Bebrycians.
He receives them very hospitably. Their departure is delayed when the prophet Idmon is killed by a wild boar and Tiphys dies of illness. Two tombs are built some more lasting memorials of their voyage and the Argonauts set off again. Their next two landfalls bring them into contact with some old comrades of Heracles, left behind after his campaign against the Amazons. One is Stheneluswhose ghost beckons to them from his tomb by the sea, and the others are three men stranded at Sinope.
The Argonauts pour libations to the ghost of Sthenelus and the three survivors gain places aboard the Argo. They arrive next at the river Thermodonwhere the Amazons have their harbour, and they leave the next day before the women can assemble for battle.
The Argonautica – Apolonio de Rodas – Google Books
The Amazon influence however reaches even to the deserted Argonajticas of Ares, where they have built a temple to the god of war. When the Argonauts arrive, it is only defended by birds.
They fight off the birds and then chance upon four survivors of a shipwreck. These are the four sons of the exiled Greek hero, Phrixusand they are also grandsons of Aetesking of Colchis. Jason welcomes them as god-sent allies in his quest for the Golden Fleece.
Approaching Colchis, the Argonauts see the eagle of Zeus flying to and from the Caucasus mountains, where it feeds on argonauficas liver of Prometheus. It glides through the air as large as another ship, disturbing the Argo’s sails as it passes overhead.
Soon after, the heroes enter the Phasisthe main river of Colchis, and furtively anchor in a backwater. The third book begins by invoking Eratothe Muse of love poetry. The Argo is still hidden in a Colchis backwater when the goddesses Hera and Athena retire to a private room on Olympus to consider in secret how best to help Jason. Hera thinks the aolonio of the Colchian king might prove useful if she could be made to fall in love with him. She then suggests enlisting the help of Aphrodite.
Athena likes the plan but, being a virgin conscious of appearances, asks Hera to do all the talking. They find the goddess of love indolently combing her hair in her apartment.
She has been bickering with her young son Eros and doubts if the unruly child will fire any arrows at Medea just to please her. Hera, an experienced mother, advises her to avoid quarrels with the boy and Aphrodite subsequently buys his support with the gift of a fabulous ball, composed of gold and intricately fashioned so as to leave a trail like a falling star when thrown at the sky.
Jason advises his comrades that they should try persuasion before attempting to take the Golden Fleece by force and then he leads Phrixus’ sons home to the palace of Aetes. Their unexpected arrival is greeted argomauticas Medea with a cry that brings everyone running, including her sister Chalciope mother of the four castaways and Aetes, the king.
Argonautica – Wikipedia
Meanwhile, Eros invisibly joins the throng, squats at Jason’s feet and fires off the fateful arrow, departing then with a laugh. Medea’s heart floods with the sweet pain of love. Aetes however is filled with rodaz when his grandsons ask him to hand the Golden Fleece to Jason for return to Iolcus. He accuses them of conspiring with foreigners to steal away his kingdom. It’s a task that Aetes, son of the Sun, has often performed.