Book Name: Aroj Ali Matubbar Rachanasamagra Book Writer: Aroj Ali Matubbar Book Language: Bengali Book Format: Portable Document File (pdf). Aroj Ali Matubbar: Rationalist Philosopher of Rural Bangladesh .. But the courageous folk writers did translate the works of Islamic theological books in Bangla.  His original name was Aroj Ali, and he only acquired the name ‘Matubbar’ ( meaning ‘local landlord’) later. He was born to a poor farming family. He studied for.
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Rationalist Philosopher of Rural Bangladesh. I would not like to elaborate the concept of Rationalism in front of this august body and the learned gathering. As I understand rationalism is just not a belief or a doctrine, it is a system of analytical method of reaching the truth based on reason, logic matubbaf scientific facts. In classical sense, rationalism could be defined in any of the following ways: In philosophy, the theory that amtubbar reason or intellect, is the true source of knowledge, rather than boooks.
In theology, the doctrine that rejects that revelation and the supernatural, and makes reason the sole source of knowledge. Skepticism is a driving force behind rationalism. Accepting a thing without doubt ultimately leads to belief. Unquestioned belief is no other than blindness.
So questing about any event, may be natural or social, forms the basic analytical path that would ultimately lead to rationalism. A rationalist may try to reach truth either in a deductive or in an inductive approach. We in science follow both approaches. I would just give here two examples: Bose, then a young Reader in physics of an unknown university called ‘Dacca University’ in an attempt to derive Planck’s famous law of radiation gave birth of ‘Quantum Statistics’ – a statistics obeyed by bosons i.
Examples of such particles are photons, phonons, and helium atoms. The basis of his formulation of a new statistics was a few assumptions conceived intuitively: On the basis of these two fundamental and unique postulates Bose derived the law of statistics for photons before the birth of quantum electrodynamics.
The approach followed by Bose is bpoks example of deductive method. On the other hand, Maxwell formulated his famous theory of electromagnetism on the basis of scattered experimental facts and laws of electricity and magnetism, and set up four fundamental equations, which are now known as Maxwell’s field equations.
Mahubbar is the finest example of inductive approach followed in science. Einstein’s formulation of theory of relativity is another example where deductive approach was followed.
Aroj Ali Matubbar
He formulated the theory of relativity in based on two fundamental assumptions: Since rationalists questioned about every thing to formulate their system of reasoning with ultimate aim of reaching the truth, they are also concerned with what would be knowable and unknowable with present context of booka knowledge and available facts. Therefore rationalism and agnosticism are closely related.
Classically one who holds the view — we know nothing of things beyond material phenomena – that a first cause and an unseen world are things unknown and apparently unknowable is termed as agnostics? In the religious sense one who holds that nothing about God or anything beyond material phenomena are knowable is an agnostics. We the physicists believe in a basic principle very kin to the principle of agnosticism. This is a principle of impossibility, which slowly but steadily found places in physics.
There are booka things in material phenomena, which cannot be achieved or made by men. In thermodynamics there are two well known such principles: There are other examples too: There are certain things whose existence cannot be proved by doing experiments in inertial frames: Take the classic example of ether, an entity conceived api 18 th century physicists as a vehicle of propagation of light.
But no experiment of bookss would prove its existence. God is such an entity whose existence cannot be proved from the material frame of reference. Agnosticism is precisely matubbsr same principle. Theologically speaking, it is a doctrine that God is unknown and unknowable. In philosophy, the doctrine that a first cause and the essential nature of things are unknowable to us the material human beings.
Ramanes put it in a nice way: As a Physicist I am an agnostics. The entity, mahubbar can not be proved from a material frame, does not exist to me- it is a meaningless entity, an unnecessary concept even in philosophical or theological sense- as is ether a useless concept in physics.
If I declare myself an atheist, my atheism springs out from the principle of agnosticism, a principle based on physics; it is mahubbar just a faith or belief in the religious sense.
Aroj Ali Matubbar – ALLFreeBD
It is generally believed that concepts of those doctrines such as atheism, agnosticism and rationalism are originated agoj European thought.
This is not however entirely true. As we know now that corresponding term of atheism in Indian Philosophy is Nastikata or Nastibad disbelieving in God, the Creator. The concept is closely related to Karmanam – denying of consequences of work. Dhisan before Gautam Budha developed the Nastikata or atheism, as a philosophy.
According to him the Universe exists, but not God, the Creator; only eternal entity entity is the matter, and matter consists of four elements: The creation of life mtaubbar a specific process of nature and evolves out of the composite composition matubbqr four elements.
With death all ends. Perception is the only direct proof of existence. Agnosticism has also its origin in Indian Philosophy. Sanjoy Belthiputta was sroj the founder of this school of philosophy, who flourished during the time of Lord Budha. We cannot hooks or disprove the existence of God. Rationalism is known in Indian thought as Hetubad theory of reasons i. In Indiamore particularly in Bengal the rationalism is not devoid of Humanism.
Rather our concept of rationalism is based on humanism,- this is more so in rural Bangla. Although most of the people of Bengal are religious in nature, but they are, or were never dogmatic, or fundamentalist.
Even Islam in Bengal has matubbat own characteristic- it is quite different from the fundamentalistic Islam. Aroj Ali’s rationalism sprang out from the love of human being what we call in Bengal ‘ Manabatabad ‘. The basis of humanism in Bangladesh in our folk culture lies in the love for common man and equality of men. These two thoughts find their expression in many songs sung by our folk-singers.
As for example the 16 th century Vaisnab poet Chandidas sang in a very simple language pointing out the supremacy of mankind: Human being is at top of all truths.
There is nothing above mankind. Sabar Upare Manush Satya. Our unknown folk poet wrote many many years back. Yet milk is always white.
I roamed around the world, yet. I found mankind is the son of the same mother. Apart from local variety of Islam, Hinduism is an important religion in Bangladesh.
Any Indologist would note that in Hinduism flow three inner streams: According to socio-cultural anthropologists Vaisnav Cult and Tantrikism flourished in Eastern part of India i.
On the other hand Brahmanism took its shape in Ayrabarta or land of Aryansthe northern India. The people of Eastern India were referred to as ‘Asuras’ aron post Vedic literature, particularly in Puranas. The people named Asuras, although shown as competitors of Devtas, were not pictured as uncivilized or barbaric.
It is not difficult to identify that the Asuras or people of Eastern Indiaor more properly the ancient Bengal and its adjacent areas including eastern BiharBrhamputra valley of Asamand present Orissa were culturally and perhaps ethnically different people from those inhabiting northern India. On the other hand, the people of Eastern India were shown to be heroic, cultured and possessed a very high level of civilization. Perhaps linguistically the two people were not so different- languages of both people belonged to a common language a family of Mtubbar European language.
But who were Asuras? What was their root of culture and religion? Scholars do not agree with each other. From Bagavat Geeta it can be gauged that two people Devata and Asura belonged two different anthropological races.
It says ” In the world two kinds of people were created DwouBhutaSargau Lokahsmina Daiba Asura ebacha ; Signs of Devatas are non-violence, matubar, non-anger, kindness, forgiveness etc. Arrogance, Pride, Anger, untruth, lack of knowledge etc. Even Indra was called Asura in many places of RigVeda. As for example in one Rig it stated ” From He who is conqueror of enemies and straight on his own strength, bow down to him with respect and pronounce praise with all humiliation as He is glorious, great and Asura.
However in later period of Veda even Vedas statrted abusing Asuras as they do not follow Vedic rituals and do not accept Veda as the ultimate source of knowledge. But we must try to understand the sroj of the Asura cult as against Vedic cult.
As we stated earlier that Tantrikism and Shaktism flourished in Eastern India more particularly in Bengal. It is now understood that the Shaktism or Tantrikism had its roots in ‘ Lokayata Darshan ‘ philosophy bbooks common manan important school of Indian philosophy.
According to Madhavacharya “The Lakayatibadis followers of Lokayata have no faith in knowledge other than which is directly derived from the perception our sense organs. So they do not believe in any other source of knowledge that is extra-sensory.
Hence they do not admit any other world other than the material world we live in. Therefore to them no other bliss exists other than those are amtubbar in this world. This is the basic principle of all variety of tantrikism. According to this ism, alleged the said Upanisad: If you glorify the body, care for the body you will get the bliss of this world as well as after world. For this reason people who do not give away and those who are disrespectful and do not perform sacrifice jagyanga are looked upon as Asuras.