Sanskrit, sprinkled in between. CLICK BELOW FOR THE COMPLETE TEXT OF GITA GOVINDA MAHA KAVYAM. In Sanskrit PDF · In diacritical English PDF. Ashtapadi (Ashtapadi) meaning in English (इंग्लिश मे मीनिंग) is OCTAVE (Ashtapadi ka matlab english me OCTAVE hai). Get meaning and translation. It is lyrical poetry divided into ‘Prabandhas’ which contain couplets grouped into eights called ‘Ashtapadis’. The poems describe the attraction between Radha.
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Summary of the Poem The Gita Govinda — a cycle of Sanskrit songs, commentaries and invocations depicting Krishna’s courtship of the cowherdess Radha — was the most popular and influential poem to emerge from medieval India. The text was added to zshtapadi inscriptions, set to music, choreographed for dance, and studied as a religious text.
Contemporary poems, recitations, songs and dances point to its continuing popularity. With frank and tender lyricism, the Gita Govinda explored the many aspects of sexual passion, from first awakening through fierce regrets and jealousies to the rapture and contentment of bodily possession.
Envlish one level it narrates the loves of Radha and Krishna as simple cowherds, but the poem also celebrates nature’s regeneration through sexual congress, the interplay of the human and divine, and the profound mystery of erotic experience.
The poem can be dated to the twelfth century and was almost certainly written in north-eastern India, as it shows familiarity with Jagannath sects in Orissa and mentions fellow englisu at the court of the last Hindu ruler in Bengal, Maharaja Laksmanasena AD Many lines of evidence point to Jayadeva being born in Orissa, probably in Kenduli Sasan village, which lies in the Prachi valley of the Khurda district of Odisha, then under the rule of the Ganga dynasty king Chodaganga Deva.
In Orissa Jayadeva probably continued to live, the Laksmanasena connection possibly arising over confusion with another poet of the same name in Bengal. If, as some scholars believe, Gita Govinda was first performed on the Srimandir and the coronation of Kamarnava as the crown prince in AD, the Laksmanasena lines must be a later interpolation.
Whatever the details, Jeyadeva appears by this interpretation part of the Oriya culture that built the erotic temples of Konark, Puri and Bhubaneswar. Poets are chameleon characters, however, and Jayadeva himself is reputed to have been a saintly ascetic induced to settle by marrying the temple dancer, Padmavati, and take up writing the Gita Govinda. The latter was apparently a model wife, modest and devoted to Jayadeva, and very different from Radha, who is the typical heroine of classical Sanskrit poetry: Krishna is the eternal male: Radha submits to his entreaties, but feels abandoned when Krishna returns to his other women.
The ten long parts of the poem that separate Radha’s first submission to her final reconciliation with Krishna, in which the lovers declaim and despair, appearing to say a ashtapaid verses to each other or sending the go-between to plead their cause, allow Jayadeva to explore the changing moods of attraction, which are both natural to the situation, and what audiences expected.
Krishna repents, longs for Radha, commiserates with her distress, waits for her, makes her jealous, importunes and praises her, enjoys and assures her of his love. Radha sulks and despairs, wastes away, flies into tempers, rails at Krishna, consents and finds joy and contentment with him. Ashtapdi Dimension WithJayadeva’s poem became the focus of a religious sect in India.
Buddhism and Hinduism sought to release the enlightened from worldly illusions through renunciation, meditation and physical austerities.
Particularly to be avoided was carnal englihs. In Gita Govinda, however, Krishna embodies the erotic sentiment, and in that sense the cowgirls serve him with rapture and unselfishness.
Jayadeva developed the aesthetic experience of love, and the songs typically end with dedications to Krishna, which urge readers to cultivate an appreciation of a taste that is both mental discrimination and physical relish. The two are inseparable, each growing from the other. The poem combines the sweetness of the experiences described, the poetry itself, and the joy that devotees find in relishing Krishna through the text.
Indian theologians took this concept of taste further, seeing the lover as someone lifted from the particular into an abstract and universal experience of love, which is the ultimate joy or beatitude, a taste of Brahman itself. The aesthetic experience became a religious one, a state of total absorption in, devotion to and enjoyment of Krishna.
Literary Matters Jayadeva brought song into classical Sanskrit verse, and developed the association with a beauty not easily matched in English.
Jayadeva Gita Govinda
While the prose meaning of Gita Govinda can be brought over reasonably well, despite many ambiguities in ashtzpadi Sanskrit text, and the restricting form of English stanzas, the aesthetic qualities that make Gita Govinda supremely worth reading have to be created independently. Classical Sanskrit poetry was sonorous, repetitive, ornate, formal, ambiguous, and conventional.
Its long lines with their various but intricate quantitative metres have no counterpart in English, any more than our explicit words have a religious dimension.
My solution has been to use English verse devices to explore a text winnowed down to the bare bones of its Sanskrit meaning.
Jayadeva Gita Govinda: Free English Translation.
A particularly harmonious line in the Sanskrit does not necessarily find its echo in the English translation, therefore, nor the other way about, though the Sanskrit will always tend to be the more beautiful, as its harmonies exceed even those possible in ancient Greek. In short, this translation stresses the literary more than scholarly or religious aspects, but the Appendix does provide a commentary, suggest what has been lost in the rendering, add a note on metrical issues, and list works for further reading.
A free e-book in pdf format. If, passionate for Krishna’s mind, you’re keen to learn the arts of love, then hear the coaxing eloquence of Jayadeva’s tender verse.
First Song When world was water, you became a tireless vessel of the Vedas. You, in Pisces form, Keshava: When this heavy earth you carried on your callused tortoise back, how venerable you were, Keshava: A blemish on the hare-marked moon, the earth became as on your tusk: With nail on lotus hand you cut the bee-like Hiranyakashipu.
What a lion-man, Keshava: A marvellous dwarf, Keshava, you outwitted Bali: Bhrgu’s lord, you made in blood of Kshatriyas the people bathe. As evil awhtapadi, the heat declined: Kind as Buddha, you refused to take the sacrificial ashtapad of animals despite our customs: In Kalki’s body you became a sword to scourge the foreign people, comet-like in fire, Keshava: You, in a decad form, Keshava, are the comfort of our life.
Hear the poet Jayadeva, conqueror of the world, Hari!
Ashtapadi (Ashtapadi) meaning in English – ASHTAPADI मीनिंग – Translation
References and Sources The literature on Gita Govinda and associated Vaishnava texts is fascinating, but immense: A guide to that material and extensive bibliographies can be found in the first two works listed below, which also explore dimensions of the poem far beyond this simple translation.
The Rao translation is engliah available on the Internet, and through vocabularies and commentaries gives the general reader an excellent sense of how the Sanskrit verse is built up. Renderings can be checked in the online dictionary. Love Songs of Radha and Krishna by Jayadeva. New York University Press, ashta;adi Word for Word transliteration. Wikipedia article with many links.
Gita Govinda Multimedia Site.