Although Fudge published several books, only The Fire That Consumes has been through multiple editions. The first. The Fire That Consumes [Edward Fudge] is 20% off every day at WipfandStock. com. Evangelical Christians affirm together that a dreadful. Since the publication of its first edition in , Edward Fudge’s bookThe Fire that Consumeshas been the fullest and most thorough exposition and defense of.
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I have read more about hell these past few weeks than I have over a lifetime. The purpose of this post is to review The Fire That Consumes. One thing that fascinated me about The Fire That Consumes is the scholarship and the research that made this book possible.
His bibliography lists books and articles consulted maybe Fudge should add another in his fourth edition so that sources will be listed in his bibliography. In addition, a total of authors are listed by name fugde his index cojsumes authors.
He seeks to study every passage flre the Bible that deals with the final destiny of coonsumes wicked. Then Fudge seeks to study the concept of divine justice in the Old Testament.
His study covers every passage dealing with divine justice and the destiny of the wicked, beginning with the flood and covering texts in the Pentateuch, and in the historical, prophetic, and wisdom books of the Old Testament.
Fudge has four chapters dedicated to the teachings of Jesus about hell and the destiny of the wicked. In these chapters Fudge studies every passage in the New Testament that discusses the destiny of the wicked. The book has one chapter on the Apostolic Fathers and their successors, one on the apologists, one on Augustine, one dealing with theologians from the Middle Ages to the Reformation, one on John Calvin, and several chapters dealing with the current discussion on hell and the destiny of the wicked.
There is no doubt that Fudge has done his homework, and in the process he discusses many biblical passages that the seventeen authors who hold the traditional view ewdard ignored or did not find important enough to include into their discussion of hell. When it comes to hell, most Christians believe that hell is the place where the unbeliever will go after they die.
However, some Christians reject this view and propose different ways of edqard about the destiny of the wicked after they die.
Over the years Christians have proposed four different ways of understanding what will happen to people after they die. Thf are the main four views about the destiny of fdward wicked:.
Christian universalism teaches that although human beings are fallen sinners, they will be saved in the end through the universal redemption accomplished by Christ on the cross of Calvary. Those who hold this view believe that there is no endless punishment in hell. Universalism is based on the view that a God of love will not allow people to suffer for eternity in hell.
Universalism emphasizes that since the Lord does not want anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance 2 Peter 3: Annihilationism is the belief that people who die without being saved will be destroyed in the grave and will not be tormented tnat in hell.
This view asserts that the wicked will not be cast in the lake of fire on judgment day. Rather, annihilationism teaches that fudve a wicked fdward dies, that person ceases to exist. Thus, in the coming of Christ, only the righteous will gain immortality and fuege forever in fellowship with God.
Traditionalism refers to the traditional teaching of the church about hell. This view teaches that hell is a place of eternal punishment reserved for unbelievers. Traditionalism affirms that the wicked will suffer forever in the unquenchable fires of hell.
Thus, traditionalism affirms that the suffering of the wicked in hell is for efward. Traditionalism teaches that after people die, the souls of those who die in a state of unrepentance will descend into hell, where they will suffer in the unquenchable fires of hell. Thus, sinners in hell will be eternally separated from God. Conditionalism teaches that immortality is a special gift of God bestowed upon edwad who believe in Jesus Christ. Since the Bible teaches that only God has immortality, then human beings are by nature mortal.
Thus eternal life or immortality will be given to believers in the final days, while the wicked will be raised, judged, and then will be cast into hell where they will die the second death and eventually be destroyed. Conditionalists believe in hell. The Fire That Consumes advocates conditionalism and it is here where Fudge departs from the traditional teaching of fudve church about hell. There are several reasons why Fudge advocates conditionalism. First, it is because he believes that only God has immortality and that human beings are given immortality, eternal life, through faith in Christ.
Second, he believes that the early Christians, influenced by Greek philosophy, fudeg into the teachings of the church the dogma of the immortality of the soul and that the soul would survive after the death of the body.
Fuddge, Fudges concludes that the Bible does not teach that the wicked will suffer eternally in the fires of hell. To him, the Bible teaches that the wicked will be raised in the last days, will be judged, cast into the fires of hell and there he will be consumed, he will die the second death, and will perish forever.
When they do so, they may come to the conclusion that maybe the traditional view may not be biblical after all. So, I recommend that Christians consimes read this book.
Those who read this book either will be challenged to reconsider their views about the traditional teachings of the church on hell or they will be convinced that the conditionalist view of hell is the right biblical teaching. Now, where do I stand on this issue?
For you to know where I stand, you will have to wait for my upcoming post on the Biblical doctrine of hell coming up Thursday or Friday. The battle here is clearly between the traditionalists and the conditionalists. Ifre am certainly inclined to the traditionalists but if Fudge is biblical in his arguments I will definitely switch camp!
Thank you for your comment. I hope to have my second post later this week. I am highly busy at school this academic year. Study the issue carefully. If you have an opportunity, read the book, then make your decision. I hope my next post will clarify some of the issues involved. Rob has a habit of discussing concepts that can be over the head of the person with only average intelligence. I read the book and understood everything he wrote, and I am still not convinced by his argument because I think it is not biblical.
I do not want to brag, but I believe that I am a person that has an above average intelligence. He is certainly asking the right questions, and asking them well. Whenever I review a book, I try to be fair and honest with the argument presented in the book.
Sometimes I am too honest and some authors do not like that kind of honesty. Greetings and thanks for presenting this review. I have always been a conditionalist because I have always seen enough evidence in scripture for hell to be seen as punishment that results in final destruction, rather than the continuous burning of the wicked. I read it several years ago. It not only moved me toward the conditionalist camp, but also had me rethink my views on eschatology in general and the timing of our resurrection intermediate state in particular.
I was present for the Lanier Theological Library lecture. I met you and your wife briefly. I enjoyed my time in Houston. I am glad we met in Houston. I have to apologize that I cannot recall your face. Mariottini, My name is Jay Altieri. My website explains some of it, the book explains all of it. You had some comments above about the nature of the soul.
Understanding its mortality and its nature is crucial for a biblical outlook. A good place vonsumes start would be my article about body soul spirit under bible studies. Fre you for this information.
I will check your we web page and read your article. Thank you for visiting my consymes. Very few have ever believed such a thing! The view I presented is the position of the Universalist Church of America.
Here is how universalism is defined:. Thus, they concluded that all people must be destined for hhat. Congratulations for your website. I believe the Bible is the word of God and it does not teach that we have an imortal soul, which is the basis for the everlasting punishment.
Traditionalism has been drinking from Plato ideas which entered Christianism in their first decades and got stronger with some very influent church fathers. I hope God can help those in their sincere study of the Bible to find this precious truth. People are so ingrained in traditional views that they are missing the true teaching of the Bible.
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Edward Fudge – Wikipedia
Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Fuudge site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Claude Mariottini — Professor of Old Testament. The Fire That Consumes: These are the main four views about the destiny of the wicked: