Esther Boserup. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: a seminal theory of population to rival Malthus in. Issue Analysis Essay – Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup Issues in Population Geography University of Toronto – Nicolette Ramcharan Thomas Malthus’ Essay . work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and.

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While this seems like a 21st-century problem, it is actually a question that has concerned economists for hundreds of years and farmers since the first days of agriculture. Ester Boserup also contributed to the discourse surrounding gender and development practises with her work Woman’s Role in Economic Development. The o the rural population density, the more hours the farmer must work for the same amount of produce.

He would change the way he farms to make sure that he has enough food to support a larger family.

Ester Boserup’s theory of agrarian change: a critical review.

In addition, the law of diminishing returns depicts that increased populations would intensify the pressure of farming more intensively while developing poorer land and agriculture which would lead to subordinate harvests Dster, This, Malthus thought, was what would save us from large-scale starvation.

Human existence is limited by access and supply to scarce resources.

As Chairman Mau maintained, each mouth comes with a pair of hands. He viewed these checks as a natural way of maintaining the human population Malthus, One of those resources is food.

Her work earned her three honorary doctorate degrees: There are few who would agree that an increase in the frequency of cropping is the only possible response to population pressure; the extensive margin can be extended, higher yielding crops adopted, and methods that increase yields introduced independently of increases in the frequency of cropping.


Her other major work, Woman’s Role in Economic Developmentexplored the allocation of tasks between men and women, and inaugurated decades of subsequent work connecting issues of gender to those of economic development, pointing out that many economic burdens fell disproportionately on women.

He populxtion this a preventative check. Eser Boserup — was a Danish economist who specialised in the economics and development of agriculture.

Intensification can also take place without population pressure, under the stimulus of urban growth or the development of trade.

The bosrup of human population and consumption leads to the exhaustion of resources. However, Boserup argued that in those times of pressure, people will find ways to increase the production of food by increasing workforce, machinery, fertilizers, etc.

Malthus reasoned that this disastrous outcome could only be avoided if the population stopped growing. The poor populationn be placed in dangerous situations because they were situated and being born in unclean conditions. Women, development, and the UN: Theody published inThe Conditions of Agricultural Growth has been republished at least 16 times afterward, and has been translated into at least four additional languages.

The Malthusian views are problematic; it presupposes a social system and a set of assumptions Malthus, Boserup argues that population growth is independent of food supply and that population increase is a cause of changes in agriculture.

BBC – GCSE Bitesize: Theories of resource consumption

Subsequently to the Brundtland Report, the Earh Summt, and the resu1ting Agenda 21, the issue of population and development has increasingly evolved into discussion on the “population, environment and development nexus”. Emigration or the control of numbers may relieve population pressure. Various aspects such as class, race, wealth, occupation, age, accessibility will be analyzed in connection to the population theories of Thomas Malthus as well as its flaws Malthus, Her first major work, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: From a political stance, the Malthusian theories were used against helping the poor.

Therefore, workloads tend to rise while efficiency drops. Woman’s Role in Economic Development, too, has been republished many times, appearing in print in at least a half dozen languages. There are some who argue that Boserup can’t work indefinitely.


An interdisciplinary visionary relevant for sustainability”. Hence, Malthus attracted numerous world-class adherents and obtained the view as the father of a new scientific racism. People must understand and analyze that food will run out.

The principal means of hteory agricultural output is intensification. Although Boserup is widely regarded as being anti-Malthusian, both her insights and those of Malthus can be comfortably combined within the same general theoretical framework. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although Boserup’s original theory was highly simplified and generalized, it proved instrumental in understanding agricultural patterns in developing countries.

Unfortunately, the places with the food shortages tend to have low-tech agriculture, and the high-tech parts of the world tend to have high living standards and plenty of food.

Malthus believed that because food production could not keep populatioj to pace with population growth, there would be people who had a lack of food.

Theories of resource consumption

Archived from the original PDF on October 30, That means, if you need it, someone will invent it. Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup depict the two key theories of population sustainability. By Nicolette Ramcharan – University of Toronto Retrieved from ” https: Her position countered the Malthusian theory that agricultural methods determine population via limits on food supply.

Ester had married Mogens Boserup when both were twenty-one; the young couple lived on his allowance from his well-off family during their remaining university years. The paper first summarizes Boserup’s theory of agricultural change and dispels the misconceptions to which it has given rise.