Hamdan Khodja (Q). Algerian academic. Hamdan ben Othman Khodja. edit. Language, Label, Description, Also known as. English. Hamdan Khodja. See more of Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum | Fazza on Facebook. Log In. or. Create New Account. See more of Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin. Hamdan Khodja is the author of Le Miroir ( avg rating, 5 ratings, 1 review, published ).

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Last, I disagree when you say the white Europeans are the only to blame for what happened to the Native Americans. Instead, the Turks relied on the Jews whom they appointed at many important positions.

Biography Khodja was born in Algiers, Algeria, in to a family of Turkish origin belonging to the high administration of the regency. The book then mentions the Ottoman government and how the Turks controlled these tough Arab and Kabyle tribes.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Learn how your comment data is processed. One Night with You film. He explains how they conspired against the Hamdaan by reporting lies to the French who relied on them because they spoke French and Arabic and how they took the opportunity to buy properties from khoja Algerians at very low prices.

Hamdan Khodja

ha,dan He expected them to act according to honour or moral codes while they had none. Yes indeed I understand what you mean, …the people were divided in a tribal like social system and devoted to the marabou worshiping… compared to what was happening in Europe, at that time, our people seemed to be sleeping… drifting away from the world civilization flow, but still when you read the book people are portrayed as honourable people who had a code of honour who lived peacefully in their land and that was enough for them.


Even when Muslim states conquered other countries, it was never because they felt they were superior. At many occasions, he said the Muslims are usually either too optimistic or too pessimistic when all we need to get the correct analysis is to be hamfan, honest and fearless of seeing our bad sides. He also blames Dey Hussein because he had appointed this useless man, the right man in the right place as the saying goes.

I liked the first part of the book. I had the same reaction.

This reminds me of how the French gave importance to some Marabouts and zawiyasand also how the Algerian government is doing the same today. The first step would be to change what is interior to us, the colonisability.

Stagnation on our side and movement on theirs. Another important point mentioned in the book is the taxes.

He talked of the massacres perpetrated by the French army in several places in Algeria and he gave the example of Blida. Perhaps because he lost faith in a French withdrawal?

Hamdan Khodja shares his perspective on the French invasion and tries to explain the causes of its success. This point probably explains his uamdan welcome of the French invasion.

But Hamdan says the population amounted to 10 million people who, he says, have the right to hzmdan free in their own country. But regardless, the book gives valuable information even though Christian Haedo displays a certain disdain of the Muslim inhabitants of the Regency.

Hamdan Khodja | Patriots on Fire

Hamdan ben Othman Khodja was an Algerian dignitary and scholar. The last point in this first part was reserved to the government and the different positions and responsibilities one could find in the system a description of who does what. He depicts the Kabyles and the Arabs who live on the mountains and plains respectively as simple people, brave and war-lovers. He wrote the book ” Le Miroir ” in which he denounced the encroachments by French soldiers in Algiers, thus becoming the first essayist on this subject.


In the first part, Hamdan Khodja describes the different populations living in the Regency. The second part of the book deals with the French invasion and its consequences both on Algeria and France. They noticed that both the Kabyles and Arabs had a sort of adoration for their Maraboutsso they honoured them and gave them money. Hamdan Khodja mentioned a second book to come but he never wrote it.

Le Miroir: Aperçu Historique et Statistique sur la Régence d’Alger

A major part of the second part was dedicated to the French behaviour in Algeria. And the fourth point is treated in many pages reserved to Marshal Clauzel accusing him of several wrongdoings. Bennabi once gave an interesting example: It tells us how our forbears were…honorable, khdoja brave people. As a “kouloughli”, which was a term hadman to refer to the offspring of Turkish men and Algerian women, Khodja received an excellent education and was well travelled.

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