JACO PASTORIUS BIRDLAND PDF

Birdland Lyrics: light years from Birdland / But I’m still preachin’ the rythym / Long gone uptight years from Birdland / And I’m still teachin’ it with ’em / Years. Bass tablature for Birdland by Jaco Pastorius. Rated out of 5 by 5 users. Bass tablature for Birdland (ver 2) by Jaco Pastorius. Rated out of 5 by 9 users.

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Weather Report was an American jazz fusion band of the s and early s. Throughout most of its existence, the band was a quintet of keyboards, saxophone, bass, drums and percussion.

Despite these developments, during birfland mids Weather Report remained one of the defining acts within the jazz form, winning the DownBeat best album award five times in a row.

Alongside Miles Davis ‘s electric bands, the Mahavishnu OrchestraReturn to Foreverand HeadhuntersWeather Report is considered to be one of the pre-eminent early jazz fusion bands. While their work was often categorized as “jazz fusion”, the band members themselves generally rejected the term.

Jaco Pastorius

This position remained consistent throughout the life of the band. From the mids, individual solos became more prominent, but were never allowed to overwhelm the music’s collective approach.

Initially, the band’s music featured a free, extended improvisational method similar to Miles Davis ‘s Bitches Brew -period workbut by the mids, this had moved pstorius more groove-oriented and prestructured music as epitomized by their hit single “Birdland”. Joe Zawinul’s playing style was often dominated by quirky melodic improvisations simultaneously bebop – ethnic- and pop-sounding combined with sparse but rhythmic big-band chords or bass lines.

Having originally made his name as a pioneering electric piano player, he went on to consistently develop the role of the synthesizer in jazz during his time with Weather Report.

Working with companies such as ARP and OberheimZawinul developed new ways of voicing pastoriud patching electronic tones for textures, ensemble roles including emulations pastogius traditional band instruments and soloing. In Weather Report, he often employed a vocoderas well as recorded sounds played i. On some Weather Report tunes, however, Zawinul’s synthesized arrangements dominated the sound.

Wayne Shorter apstorius to the group with a reputation as a dominant role as an instrumentalist, drawn from both his solo work and his contributions to Miles Davis’ “second great quintet” during the s. His choice not to follow the same approach with Weather Report led to some criticism of the group. During birdlnad time with Weather Report, Shorter was noted for generally playing saxophone with an economical, “listening” style. As a composer, he chose a more abstract, sometimes atonal and “free jazz” style of music, opposed to the sometimes flamboyant melodicism of the tunes written by Zawinul or Pastorius.

Playing both tenor and soprano saxophones, Shorter continued biddland develop the role of the latter instrument in jazz, taking his cue from previous work by ColtraneSidney BechetLucky Thompsonand Birdlanr Lacy. Weather Report maintained a consistent interest in a textured sound and developments in music technology and processing. With the exception of a brief quartet period between bigdland wherein other members could double on various percussion instrumentsWeather Report’s instrumentation always included both a drummer alongside a percussionist.

For its first eight years of existence, the group had difficulty finding a permanent drummer, moving through about one drummer per year until Jaco Pastorius helped to recruit Peter Erskine in Erskine and birdlsnd on Omar Hakim were the only Weather Report drummers who played with the band for more than two years.

Zawinul went on to play with Cannonball Adderley ‘s group in the s, while Shorter joined Art Blakey ‘s Jazz Messengers and then, inMiles Davis’ second great quintet. During this decade, both pastoius made names for themselves as being among the best composers in jazz. Zawinul later joined Shorter in contributing to the pastoriks fusion music recordings of Miles Davis, and both men were part paatorius the studio groups that recorded the key Davis albums In a Silent Way and Bitches Brew Consequently, Weather Report has often been seen as a spin-off from the Miles Davis bands of the late s and early s, [ citation needed ] although Zawinul was never part of Davis’s touring line-up.

Weather Report was initially formed to explore a more impressionistic and individualistic music or, as Zawinul put it, “away from all that eight bars shit and then you go to the bridge There’s some dispute over how Weather Report initially formed.

The initial recruits were session player Don Alias and symphony orchestra jzco Barbara Burton. During recording, Alias quarreled with Zawinul allegedly due to Zawinul being too dictatorial over the percussion approach and the innovative Brazilian percussionist Airto Moreira yet another Davis alumnus was brought in to complete the record.

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Guitarist John McLaughlin was also invited to join the group, but decided to pursue his solo career, instead.

Weather Report’s debut album Weather Report caused a sensation in the jazz world on its arrival, due to the various talents of the group’s members and their unorthodox approach to their music. It built on the avant-garde experiments which Zawinul and Shorter had pioneered with Miles Davis on Bitches Brewincluding an avoidance of head-and-chorus composition in favor of continuous rhythm and movement.

Down Beat magazine described the album as “music beyond category”. Although Airto Moreira completed the recording of the debut Weather Report album, his existing commitments to Miles Davis prevented him pastorlus performing live with the group.

After further gigs in Philadelphia, Weather Report went on to a tour of Europe.

Weather Report

The album also featured Zawinul’s first use of a synthesizer an instrument with which he would become synonymous within jazz and of sound effects. I Sing the Body Electric also showed the first signs of a shift in the balance of control within the band, away from the more collective approach of the debut album. During the following year, this tendency would develop further. On ‘s SweetnighterWeather Report began to abandon the primarily acoustic group improvisation format, and the band started to take a new direction.

The change in approach affected the band deeply. Zawinul judged Eric Gravatt’s approach to be unsuitable for some of the new pieces he had written. Andrew White III had returned to play occasional English horn on the album, but Zawinul also employed him on bass guitar on three tracks to get the style of funk playing required. Gravatt took his replacement in the studio sessions badly and quit the band at the end of recording, moving to Minneapolis to join the band Natural Life.

Many years later, Zawinul paid tribute to Gravatt’s skills and stated that he had been the finest of the band’s “pure jazz” drummers [7] as well as being “from the jazz side His final contribution to Weather Report was to play bass on a single track, which appeared on the band’s album Mysterious Traveller “American Tango”, which he had co-written with Zawinul.

Recruited by Shorter, Johnson was a supple player more than capable of providing the funk element which Zawinul desired. He was also an early advocate of the Chapman Stickwhich he can be heard playing on some of the live Weather Report recordings of the period.

Weather Report’s breakout album was ‘s Mysterious Travellerwhich also featured the debut of new drummer Ishmail Wilburn. The album continued Sweetnighter ‘s process of reducing the free-jazz elements of previous albums, but also showed a more fully developed compositional technique. Zawinul exploited improvements in synthesizer technology on the recording and began to add processed sound effects such as cheering crowds, childlike cries and noises reminiscent of science-fiction aliens.

According to Zawinul, Wilburn apparently “lost heart” on tour despite performing well in the studio. To shore up the music, the band hired another drummer, Darryl Brown, to play alongside him. Instead, the band called in the former Herbie Hancock drummer Leon “Ndugu” Chanclerwho had been working on another project in an adjacent studio. However, he declined to join as a permanent member, opting instead to continue with Santana.

Johnson recommended his friend Chester Thompson a former Frank Zappa sidemanwho joined as drummer in time for the next tour. The new album, Tale Spinnin’was released in It was the first Weather Report album to feature a consistent rhythm section rather than a varied set of drummers, percussionists, and bass players since their debut.

The album also made further strides in using technological improvements in synthesizers, even making use of the gigantic studio-based TONTO array. During the same year, Shorter also recorded Native Dancer under his own name with the Brazilian composer and vocalist Milton Nascimento.

Tale Spinnin ‘ won the Down Beat best album award for the third Weather Report album to do so and Native Dancer was the runner-up. Weather Report’s music had evolved further from open-ended funk jams into more melody-oriented, concise forms, which also offered a greater mass-market appeal. Zawinul further consolidated his use of keyboard synthesizers, while Shorter experimented with an early form of wind synthesizer, the Lyricon.

However, the album was recorded during yet another period of change for the group, with multiple personnel shuffles. Prior to his departure, Johnson played on all but two of the new album’s tracks. His replacement was Jaco Pastoriusa virtuoso fretless bass guitarist from Florida, who had been in touch with Zawinul for several years, and who came in to play on “Cannon Ball” and his own composition “Barbary Coast”.

Weather Report – Wikipedia

Zawinul and Shorter had assumed that Chester Thompson would be departing alongside his friend Johnson, and for the second set of sessions they replaced him birland Jaco Pastorius’ recommendation with the former Mahavishnu Orchestra drummer Narada Michael Walden. Although Walden played on several album tracks, he ultimately proved unsuitable.

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Thompson returned for the final Black Market sessions, but left again after failing to gel as a rhythm section with Pastorius whose style was much busier than that of Johnson. Thompson subsequently joined Genesis as their touring drummer.

Black Market continued Weather Report’s ongoing run of success, selling well and being the fourth of the band’s albums to win the album of the year award from Down Beat magazine. The band made a very well-received appearance at the Montreux Jazz Festivalwhich was filmed for future release. The recruitment of Birdlanx Pastorius helped to push Weather Report to the height pastoriua its popularity. Already a rising star in his own right, Pastorius brought a very musical, pasorius quality to the bass.

Pastorius was also a multi-instrumentalist contributing drums, steel panand mandocello to the latest recording sessionsa gifted composer eventually responsible for some signature Weather Report pieces such as ” Teen Town ” and “Three Views of a Secret”and a useful production foil for Zawinul due to birdlsnd knowledge of recording studios and techniques. Finally, Pastorius’ stagecraft and aggressive showmanship helped the band to bring in a new audience.

The band’s next album was ‘s acclaimed Heavy Weatherwhich proved to be the band’s most successful recording in terms of sales, while still retaining wide critical acclaim. It contained the band’s biggest hit, the propulsive and danceable ” Birdland ” highlighting Pastorius’ singing bass lines and Zawinul’s synthesized ensemble brasswhich became a pop hit and later became a jazz standard.

During this period, Pastorius’ strong professional connection with Joni Mitchell for whom he played bass throughout the latter half of the s led to another musical connection. Over the next few years, Mitchell hired the Weather Report line-up en masse although without Zawinul in each case to play on her studio albums Don Juan’s Reckless Daughter and Mingus Shorter had been focusing most of his attention and compositional ideas into his solo work, while Zawinul was sketching out ideas for a solo album of his own, which involved moving away from a raw group sound in favor of constructing a far more orchestrated and experimental studio-based recording with multiple overdubs.

However, Weather Report’s contract and work schedule required another album, so Zawinul’s solo work was absorbed into what became Weather Report’s eighth album, Mr. Erskine became a full member of the band for the next tour and remained with Weather Report until Gone received only a one-star review rating from Down Beat after a string of group releases which had all pulled a five-star rating. The group arranged for a rebuttal interview with the magazine to defend their efforts.

Zawinul and Pastorius were defiant in their responses to the interviewer, Shorter more philosophical, and Erskine the most reticent of the four. By the late ’70s, Weather Report was a quartet patorius Zawinul, Shorter, Pastorius, and Erskine, and for the first time had dispensed with the auxiliary percussionist role, which had been integral since the band’s inception.

Instead, all four members doubled on percussion at various points in live performances. Zawinul commented that this sleeker, less crowded sound provided more listening range and made the music less chaotic now that the band were focusing more on melody and harmony. The larger scale and multimedia staging of the band’s tours complete with stagehands, laser and film projections began to take on the kind of rock-star proportions mostly unknown in jazz circles.

The double live album 8: Gone tour and captured the direct power and energy of this lineup of Weather Report. Zawinul would later describe this lineup as “one of the greatest bands of all time! That band was a hummer! Weather Report’s performance featured in Havana Jam ’79Ernesto Juan Castellanos ‘ documentary celebrating the event. During ‘s touring, Shorter had begun to feel sidelined by the current Weather Report’s aggressive drive and by the sometimes overly macho musical interplay between Pastorius and Zawinul, which on at least one occasion squeezed him out of band performance.

In the event, Shorter resolved his major differences with his bandmates – but the near-split appeared to inform Weather Report’s next development, which was a step back towards a purer jazz approach. At the beginning ofPastorius recruited hand-drummer Apstorius Thomas, Jr. Thomas featured on the album Night Passage.