Before You Read. “The Man to Send Rain Clouds” by Leslie Marmon Silko. Born About Silko. “I was fortunate to be reared by my great-grandmother and. Silko, Leslie Marmon. Genre. Short Story. Overview. Published in , “The Man to Send Rain Clouds” depicts the story of an old man who is found dead in a. Leon: Grandson of Teofilo, brother-in-law of Ken, round character; Ken: Grandson of Teofilo, brother-in-law of Leon, flat character; Father Paul.

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Also, she is an artist who wants to apply her imagination to the telling of tales, and to her, the essence of this particular incident is the story of this instance of cultural clash with the feelings and ideas involved. Leon continues to follow the Pueblo rites mzrmon persuades the Father Paul to participate in them, as well. The sun was approaching the long mesa where it disappeared during the winter.

The landscape of the story with its arroyos and mesas is an integral part of the story. In fact, understanding her re-vision and reinterpretation of personal and tribal memory leads us past the easy impulse to call Storyteller a collage, a family album, or pastiche, on into a conception of its unity and significance as a literary work. Realizing that he has been tricked into participating in their pagan rites and half suspecting that the whole thing may be just a spring fertility ceremony rather than a real funeral, he nevertheless sprinkles the grave with a whole jar of holy water.

At first, Father Paul refuses to use the holy water as part of an Indian burial ceremony.

The Man to Send Rain Clouds

Time in its historical dimension is unimportant as it is an endlessly repeating cycle in which man is but a minute part of the cycle. After founding Old Laguna Kawaik aroundthey issued invitations to other pueblos to join them.

But in view of these parallel developments, American Indian women have shown little interest in the feminist movement, and conversely mainstream feminist scholarship has paid strikingly little attention to the writing of American Indian women.

In an interview she has stated: Born in in Albuquerque, New Mexico, she grew up on the nearby Mman Pueblo Reservation, where she was raised within a family of mixed Indian, Mexican, and white descent.

To the Pueblo, death is not the end of existence, but part of a cycle in which the spirit of the deceased returns to its source and then helps the community of the living by returning with rain clouds for the nourishment of the earth.


The Spanish first entered the area inwhen Francesco de Coronado led an expedition to Zuni and two years later passed through the present site of Laguna on his way back to Mexico. Furthermore, as an objective writer, she does not take sides, but gives a balanced, sensitive presentation of the characters. Later he ends up being a good friend of the native priest and becomes part of the Christian community in India. Unable to think of anything else, she decided to write about this incident and to try to imagine the scene and how the people had felt.

Silko indicates that her great grandfather Robert and his brother had a government contract to set out the boundary markers for Laguna. Although it is not yo a Christian burial, the dead man receives the blessings of both traditional and Christian cultures.

Although her part is minor, it is her suggestion that triggers the culture raih in the story. The story is based on an incident Silko had heard about in her hometown of Laguna, New Mexico: According to Parsons, this group led the Americanization faction which was opposed by the pueblo hierarchy. As the story opens, Leon and his brother-in-law, Ken, find an old man, Teofilo, dead under a cottonwood tree. Silko skillfully and humorously characterizes the conflict between the frustrated priest, who is denied the opportunity to provide the last rites cloude funeral mass, and Leon, who doggedly insists that these are not necessary: This place I am from is everything I am as a writer and human being.

Raised on the Indian reservation in Laguna, New Mexico, she incorporates into her writing the stories, myths, and legends she heard as she grew up. The tribe occupied the site of what is now called Laguna by the early s. Teofilo is perhaps the most important character in the story, since the plot concerns the conflict that arises after his death mah American Indian ways and Christian ways.

According to their origin legends, the Laguna tribe in existence since at leastcame southward from the Mesa Verde region. What we have in the story are two different ideas of death, or rather, of our whole existence.

Although the pueblo was not subjected to as many attacks from the Spanish as the Rio Grande pueblos, it was forced to surrender in after an attack by the troops of Governor Diego de Vargas. The Pueblo paint the face of the deceased so that he will be recognized in marjon next world.


silk Silko employs an interesting mixture of narration and dialogue. Over the years, a few Navajos intermarried with the tribe, bringing with them the Navajo Sun clan and kachina.

I have made changes in the rituals.

For more than 12, years the Pueblo had leslid in the region and traditional religious beliefs permeated every aspect of life. The fact that he is able to persuade the priest to sprinkle holy water at the grave site with a few well-chosen words—without argument—reveal his character.

They also scatter corn and sprinkle water to provide food and water for the spirit on its journey to the other world. In accordance with Keres tradition, Old Teofilo, even in death, is still a valued member of the community, for the people are looking to him to send them big thunderclouds. They ritually paint his face and take his body, wrapped in a red blanket, to their home for a traditional Pueblo funeral ceremony. To the Pueblo, death is not the end of existence, but part of a cycle in which the human spirit returns to its source and then helps the community by returning with rain clouds.

For one thing, she doubts that the informants among whom were some of her own ancestors always gave the scholars the true story, and more important, their reports are dead to her compared to the living reality of what she has heard and seen and felt herself.

It was getting colder, and the wind pushed gray dust down the narrow pueblo road. The local Catholic priest resented the fact ot he had not been called in to officiate at the service.

Even when Christianity was introduced, it was incorporated into older Pueblo rites. Many Indians moved off the reservations and into mainstream American culture, becoming more visible as a result.

The Man to Send Rain Clouds by Briana Jordan on Prezi

In the late s there was an interest in indigenous cultures in America. The story is told through an objective, thirdperson narrative, and unfolds in a rigidly objective tone. Some versions indicate that after pausing at Zia, they were joined by the head of the Parrot clan, who decided to take his people southward with them. A Native American living on a reservation in New Mexico, he was fiercely independent.