Medieval Art vs. Renaissance Art by Abigail Satow on Prezi
It was a prosperous period for sciences and arts which developed during the 16th From the Middle Ages to Renaissance Before analyzing the relationship. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renaissance paintings. The Early Renaissance · "Limited Freedom", Marica Hall. Renaissance V.S. Middle Age Art for S.S. P 11 -Religious portrayal decreased slightly due to secularism and individualism. -Glorified.
The Middle Ages portrayed Gothic art. The Gothic style of architecture is characterized by pointed arches and ribbed vaults. This form of portrayal incorporated fine woodwork and stonework. The Gothic art used flying buttresses and ornamental gables.
A good example of the medieval age is the Notre Dame Cathedral located in Paris. Another point of comparison between the Renaissance and Middle Ages is the literature.
The development of the printing press was the greatest cultural achievement of the Renaissance. This encouraged the writers to write in the local language.
The writers followed and switched over to vernacular from Greek and Latin.
Art of Europe
The literature in this age achieved new heights in the form of Elizabethan literature. In the literature was also a portrayal of humans, called Humanism, seen.
In the Medieval ages, the English literature faced a dark phase. The languages of that era were Latin and Greek. Authors of that age used parchment paper, and all the text was painstakingly handwritten by a trained scribe. In the Middle Ages the power of church was at its peak.
The church had a strong influence on the lives of the individuals. After until there is a clear Byzantine art tradition. It is often the finest art of the Middle Ages in terms of quality of material and workmanship, with production centered on Constantinople.Renaissance v. Medieval Art
Byzantine art's crowning achievement were the monumental frescos and mosaics inside domed churches, most of which have not survived due to natural disasters and the appropriation of churches to mosques. Early Medieval art[ edit ] Migration period art is a general term for the art of the "barbarian" peoples who moved into formerly Roman territories. Celtic art in the 7th and 8th centuries saw a fusion with Germanic traditions through contact with the Anglo-Saxons creating what is called the Hiberno-Saxon style or Insular artwhich was to be highly influential on the rest of the Middle Ages.
Merovingian art describes the art of the Franks before aboutwhen Carolingian art combined insular influences with a self-conscious classical revival, developing into Ottonian art. Anglo-Saxon art is the art of England after the Insular period. Illuminated manuscripts contain nearly all the surviving painting of the period, but architecture, metalwork and small carved work in wood or ivory were also important media.
Romanesque art Romanesque art refers to the period from about to the rise of Gothic art in the 12th century. This was a period of increasing prosperity, and the first to see a coherent style used across Europe, from Scandinavia to Switzerland. Romanesque art is vigorous and direct, was originally brightly coloured, and is often very sophisticated.
Stained glass and enamel on metalwork became important media, and larger sculptures in the round developed, although high relief was the principal technique. Its architecture is dominated by thick walls, and round-headed windows and arches, with much carved decoration. Gothic art Gothic art is a variable term depending on the craft, place and time. The term originated with Gothic architecture inbut Gothic painting did not appear until around this date has many qualificationswhen it diverged from Romanesque style.
Gothic sculpture was born in France in with the renovation of the Abbey Church of S. Denis and spread throughout Europe, by the 13th century it had become the international style, replacing Romanesque.
International Gothic describes Gothic art from about toafter which Gothic art merges into Renaissance art at different times in different places. During this period forms such as painting, in fresco and on panel, become newly important, and the end of the period includes new media such as prints.
The drawing is inspired and subsequently named after the 1st century BC Roman architect -author Vitruvius and his notions on the "ideal" human body proportionsfound in his De architectura. Renaissance art The Renaissance is characterized by a focus on the arts of Ancient Greece and Romewhich led to many changes in both the technical aspects of painting and sculpture, as well as to their subject matter.
It began in Italya country rich in Roman heritage as well as material prosperity to fund artists. During the Renaissance, painters began to enhance the realism of their work by using new techniques in perspectivethus representing three dimensions more authentically. Artists also began to use new techniques in the manipulation of light and darkness, such as the tone contrast evident in many of Titian 's portraits and the development of sfumato and chiaroscuro by Leonardo da Vinci.
Sculptorstoo, began to rediscover many ancient techniques such as contrapposto.
Renaissance art - Wikipedia
Following with the humanist spirit of the age, art became more secular in subject matter, depicting ancient mythology in addition to Christian themes.
This genre of art is often referred to as Renaissance Classicism. In the North, the most important Renaissance innovation was the widespread use of oil paintswhich allowed for greater colour and intensity. From Gothic to the Renaissance[ edit ] During the late 13th century and early 14th century, much of the painting in Italy was Byzantine in Character, notably that of Duccio of Siena and Cimabue of Florence, while Pietro Cavallini in Rome was more Gothic in style.
In Giotto began painting in a manner that was less traditional and more based upon observation of nature. His famous cycle at the Scrovegni ChapelPaduais seen as the beginnings of a Renaissance style.
Other painters of the 14th century were carried the Gothic style to great elaboration and detail. Notable among these painters are Simone Martini and Gentile da Fabriano. In the Netherlandsthe technique of painting in oils rather than temperaled itself to a form of elaboration that was not dependent upon the application of gold leaf and embossing, but upon the minute depiction of the natural world. The art of painting textures with great realism evolved at this time.
Early Renaissance[ edit ] The ideas of the Renaissance first emerged in the city-state of FlorenceItaly. The sculptor Donatello returned to classical techniques such as contrapposto and classical subjects like the unsupported nude—his second sculpture of David was the first free-standing bronze nude created in Europe since the Roman Empire. The sculptor and architect Brunelleschi studied the architectural ideas of ancient Roman buildings for inspiration.
Masaccio perfected elements like composition, individual expression, and human form to paint frescoes, especially those in the Brancacci Chapelof surprising elegance, drama, and emotion.
A remarkable number of these major artists worked on different portions of the Florence Cathedral. Brunelleschi's dome for the cathedral was one of the first truly revolutionary architectural innovations since the Gothic flying buttress.
Donatello created many of its sculptures. Giotto and Lorenzo Ghiberti also contributed to the cathedral. The 15th-century artistic developments in Italy for example, the interest in perspectival systems, in depicting anatomy, and in classical cultures matured during the 16th century, accounting for the designations "Early Renaissance" for the 15th century and "High Renaissance" for the 16th century.
Although no singular style characterizes the High Renaissance, the art of those most closely associated with this Period—Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, and Titian—exhibits an astounding mastery, both technical and aesthetic. High Renaissance artists created works of such authority that generations of later artists relied on these artworks for instruction.
These exemplary artistic creations further elevated the prestige of artists. Artists could claim divine inspiration, thereby raising visual art to a status formerly given only to poetry. Thus, painters, sculptors, and architects came into their own, successfully claiming for their work a high position among the fine arts.
In a sense, 16th- century masters created a new profession with its own rights of expression and its own venerable character. In his paintings, he used religious themes, but combined them with grotesque fantasies, colourful imagery, and peasant folk legends. His paintings often reflect the confusion and anguish associated with the end of the Middle Ages. Late 14th century to Early 16th century Northern Renaissance: MannerismBaroqueand Rococo Differences between Baroque and Rococo art Baroque art was characterised by strongly religious and political themes; common characteristics included rich colours with a strong light and dark contrast.